Remember The Massacre At Wounded Knee

by Peter Cole written for Jacobinmag. On this day in 1890, the US Army murdered as many as 300 Native American men, women, and children. As dawn appeared on December 29, 1890, about 350 Lakota Indians awoke, having been forced by the US Army to camp the night before alongside the Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. The US Cavalry’s 7th Regiment had “escorted” them there the day prior and, now, surrounded…

The Mysterious Extra Fingers and Toes of the Pueblo People of Chaco Canyon

Ancient people of the Pueblo culture of Chaco Canyon, in what is now New Mexico, decorated their houses with six-digit handprints and footprints. Although it is not really known why these images were depicted in homes, researchers suggest that having an extra finger or toe made the person more important and respected in this society. According to National Geographic, researchers were aware of the examples of polydactyly (‘many fingers’) among…

Mysteries of the Native American Medicine Wheel – Healing, Rituals, and Astronomical Aid

Medicine wheels, known also as sacred circles or sacred hoops, are monuments constructed by certain Native American cultures by laying stones in a particular pattern on the ground. The most basic pattern, which is followed by the majority of medicine wheels, consists of a center of stones, which is connected to an outer ring by ‘spokes’. Medicine wheels were, and still are, constructed for healing purposes. It may be mentioned…

Deganawidah: The Two Serpents

In the book Native American Prophecies: History, Wisdom and Startling Predictions there is an excellent reference to ‘Deganawidah: The Two Serpents’: When Deganawidah was leaving the Indians in the Bay of Quinte in Ontario, he told the Indian people that they would face a time of great suffering. They would distrust their leaders and the principles of peace of the League, and a great white serpent was to come upon…

Iroquois League: The Ancient and Powerful Union of Six Nations

The Iroquois, known also as the Haudenosaunee (which means People Building a Long House), were a powerful and important Native American confederacy located in the northeastern part of North America. During the colonial period, this confederacy was known to the French as the ‘Iroquois League’, and later as the ‘Iroquois Confederacy’. On the other hand, they were known to the English as the ‘Five Nations’, and, after 1722, as the…

1999: A LETTER FROM ROBERTA BLACKGOAT

June 99 Great Spirit gave us this land to live in a good way. We’re not living here for free, everything we have, we have worked hard for it. We humble ourselves before Great Spirit and it is according to them (the Holy Ones) that we live here. Before non-Indians came, we were put here with original guidelines to live in harmony. Some prayers we say are for our veterans,…

2009: Destroying Indigenous Populations

by DAHR JAMAIL (TRUTHOUT) June 20, 2009 The Fort Laramie Treaty once guaranteed the Sioux Nation the right to a large area of their original land, which spanned several states and included their sacred Black Hills, where they were to have “the absolute and undisturbed use and occupation” of the land. However, when gold was discovered in the Black Hills, President Ulysses S. Grant told the army to look the…

Footprints along the Border

….Story of the Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts by William Gwaltney Superintendent, Fort Laramie National Historic Site Fort Laramie, Wyoming(NOTE: The following was written by Mr. Gwaltney when he was a Park Ranger assigned to the Fort Davis National Historic Site, Fort Davis, Texas.) One of the most fascinating but little known stories of the Indian Wars period in that of the Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts. This group of experienced frontier guerilla fighters…

2008: Wounded Knee Massacre

Never Forget December 29, 2008 marks 118 years since the massacre at Wounded There were many many many massacres in the history of Indigenous people of what is now the Americas. And we should take time to remember them, no matter your nation. So take some time today to remember the people who died at Wounded Knee and many others. A little history about Wounded Knee By TIM GIAGO (NANWICA…

Constitution of the Iroquois Nations: The Great Binding Law – Gayanashagowa

1. I am Dekanawidah and with the Five Nations’ Confederate Lords I plant the Tree of Great Peace. I plant it in your territory, Adodarhoh, and the Onondaga Nation, in the territory of you who are Firekeepers. I name the tree the Tree of the Great Long Leaves. Under the shade of this Tree of the Great Peace we spread the soft white feathery down of the globe thistle as…

Ancient Arapahoe prayer

hehheisonoonin neniitoneino’, noh hebesiibeih’in. Let them hear us, our fathers and our grandfathers. Hee3ei’iinoh’oeseihiit, noh nohkunihiitowoo; I say this in conjunction with all the heavenly lights; Hiisi’ niihooyoo’, heseisen hii3eti’, The yellow day, the good wind, Neeyeici’ hii3eti’, biito’owu’ huu3eti’. the good timber, the good earth. Cese’eihii heetihceh’e3tiin he3oowowu’! You animals who live below the earth, I pray that you hear my words! No’xuutowu’ cese’eihii, neci’  cese’eihiiho’, cihbehceh’e3tii’! You animals…

The Seven Clans of the Cherokee

From ancient times the number seven was sacred to the Cherokee People. Consequently, as nomadic tribes wandering the North Ameriacan continent began to settle down and take on distinctive characteristics of place, name, language and customs. It was only natural and logical that the basic arrangment of Cherokee social, religious and political life would develope into a structure of seven clans. The Seven Cherokee Clans: BLUE (A NI SA HO…