Lovecraft’s Necronomicon

 

Great Cthulhu

Lovecraft’s Necronomicon

The Old Ones

“That is not dead which can eternal lie, And with strange a eons even death may
die.” 
– Abdul Alhazred, Necronomicon

(from H. P. Lovecraft, “The Call of Cthulhu”, 1926)

The Necronomicon tells of the Old Ones, who arrived on the primal earth from “dark stars”. When land appeared they swarmed from the oceans to build cities at the poles and raise temples to Those cursed by the Gods. Their ghoulish spawn ruled the earth until the Elder Lords, appalled at their abominations, acted:

“…casting Them forth from the Earth to the Void beyond the planes where chaos reigns and form abideth not. And the Elder Lords set Their seal upon the Gateway and the power of the Old Ones prevailest not against its might.

Loathsome Cthulhu rose then from the deeps and raged with exceeding great fury against the Earth Guardians. And They bound his venomous claws with potent spells and sealed him up within the City of R’lyeh wherein beneath the waves he shall sleep death’s dream until the end of the Aeon.”

Liber Logaeth (translated by Dr. John Dee)

“In all probability Cthulhu is based on the Norwegian myth of the Kraken, a legendary monster thought to live under the waves of the northern seas.” -Philip A. Shreffer, The H.P. Lovecraft Companion

“Below the thunders of the upper deep;

Far, far beneath in the abysmal sea,

His ancient, dreamless, uninvaded sleep

The Kraken sleepeth; faintest sunlights fell

About his shadowy sides: above him swell

Huge sponges of millennial growth and height;

And far away into the sickly light,

From many a wondrous grot and secret cell

Unnumber’d and enormous polypi

Winnow with giant arms the slumbering green.

There hath he lain for ages and will lie

Battening upon huge seaworms in his sleep,

Until the latter fire shall heat the deep;

Then once by man and angels to be seen,

In roaring he shall rise and on the surface die.”

Alfred Lord Tennyson, “The Kraken”

In exile with their Master Azathoth, “Lord of All”, in the chaotic Void, the Old Ones bide the day until they return to rule earth once again.

“Azathoth is the ‘ultimate nuclear chaos’, at ‘the center of infinity’. It is from the Throne of Azathoth that the aimless waves, ‘whose chance combining gives each frail cosmos its eternal law’, originate from.” – Parker Ryan “Necronomicon Info Source”

“However, before the complete influx of these elder forces into our present space-time continuum can be facillated, the secret and primal gateways must be located, and opened, to allow access from ‘outside the circles of time’. This gateway has been glyphed by Lovecraft as one of the Great Old Ones themselves – ‘the noxious Yog-Sothoth who froths as primal slime in nuclear chaos beyond the nethermost outpost of space and time’. – Tenebrous, “The Aeon of Cthulhu Rising”

“Yog-Sothoth is coterminous with ALL time and space. In Through the Gates of the Silver Key Lovecraft describes Yog-Sothoth thus:’an All in One and One in All of limitless being and self-the last, utter sweep which has no confines and which outreaches fancy and mathematics alike. ‘ Past, present, future all are one in Yog-Sothoth.”

“HPL researcher Philip A. Shreffler states in The H.P. Lovecraft Companion that the acting principles of Yog-Sothoth and Azathoth are ‘infinite expansion and infinite contraction’ respectively” – Parker Ryan “Necronomicon Info Source”

“As Guardian of the Gate, he [Yog-Sothoth] is synonymous with Choronzon. The ‘nethermost outpost’, itself an opening or window to the dimensionality of the Great Old Ones (Universe B), is the star Sothis, or Sirius.” – Tenebrous, “The Aeon of Cthulhu Rising”

“It is now possible to see the continous flow and evolution of Aeons occuring simultaenously and passing over into the world of anti-matter. The Yog (or Yug .. an aeon or age ..) of Sothoth is the counterpoint – as the Aeon of >Set- Thoth,  or DA’ATH – of its Twin, the Yug-Hoor, or Aeon of Horus. Yog-Sothoth is the Gate through the aeons to the Star-Source beyond Yuggoth, the Yug or Aeon of Goth.” – Kenneth Grant, Outside the Circles of Time, p. 214

“The knowledge and formula by which this gateway can be reopened can therefore be only apprehended through the negative vortex of DA’ATH. In the case of Lovecraft himself, who in waking life vehemently denied the verdical nature of the material with which he was dealing, the process of appropriation was almost completely subconscious, occuring through the medium of dream-experiences. As would be expected, the visitation of such unhuman and ultracosmic revelations took the form of the most hideous nightmares.” – Tenebrous, “The Aeon of Cthulhu Rising”

“That cult would never die until the stars came right again, and the secret priests would take Cthulhu from His tomb to revive His subjects and resume His rule of earth. The time would be easy to know, for then mankind would have become as the Great Old Ones; free and wild, and beyond good and evil, with laws and morals thrown aside and all men shouting and killing and reveling in joy. Then the liberated Old Ones would teach them new ways to shout and kill and revel and enjoy themselves, and all earth would flame with a holocaust of ecstasy and freedom.”

– H. P. Lovecraft, “The Call of Cthulhu”, (1926)

“The Mad Arab”

Necronomicon

“Original title Al Azif being the word used by the Arabs to designate
that nocturnal sound (made by insects) supposed to be the howling of demons.”

“Composed by Abdul Alhazred, a mad poet of Sanaa, in Yemen, who is said to
have flourished in the time of the Ommiade Caliphs, circa A.D. 700.”

– H. P. Lovecraft, “The History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”According to the NecronomiconAlhazred “travelled widely,
from Alexandria to the Punjab, and was well read. He had a flair for languages,
and boasts on many occasions of his ability to read and translate manuscripts
which defied lesser scholars.Just as Nostradamus used ritual magic to probe
the future, so Alhazred used similar techniques (and an incense composed
of olibanum, storax, dictamnus, opium and hashish) to clarify the past,
and it is this, combined with a lack of references, which resulted in the
Necronomicon being dismissed as largely worthless by historians.” “He is often referred to as ‘the mad Arab’, and while he was certainly
eccentric by modern standards, there is no evidence to substantiate a claim
of madness, (other than a chronic inability to sustain a train of thought
for more than a few paragraphs before leaping off at a tangent).”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ“HPL wrote that Alhazred’s title was ‘Mad Poet’. ‘Mad’ is usually written majnun in Arabic. Majnun means ‘mad’ today. However, in the eighth century (Alhazred’s time) it meant ‘Possessed by Jinn’ [the Old Ones].”
– Parker Ryan “Necronomicon Info Source”“Alhazred appears to have had access to many sources now lost, and events which are only hinted at in the Book of Genesis or the apocryphal Book of Enoch, or disguised as mythology in other sources, are explored in great detail.”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ  “And I proceeded to where things were chaotic. And I saw there something horrible: I saw neither a heaven above nor a firmly founded earth, but a place chaotic and horrible. And there I saw seven stars of the heaven bound together in it, like great mountains and burning with fire. Then I said: ‘For what sin are they bound, and on what account have they been cast in hither?’ Then said Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, and was chief over them, and said: ‘Enoch, why dost thou ask, and why art thou eager for the truth? These are of the number of the stars of heaven, which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord, and are bound here till ten thousand years, the time entailed by their sins, are consummated.”
Book of Enoch 21:1-7a“Alhazred may have used dubious magical techniques to clarify the
past, but he also shared with 5th. century B.C. Greek writers such as Thucydides
a critical mind and a willingness to explore the meanings of mythological
and sacred stories. His speculations are remarkably modern, and this may
account for his current popularity: he believed that many species besides
the human race had inhabited the Earth, and that much knowledge was passed
to mankind in encounters with being from other ‘spheres’. He shared with
some neo-platonists the belief that stars are like our sun, and have their
own unseen planets with their own lifeforms, but elaborated this belief
with a good deal of metaphysical speculation in which these beings were
part of a cosmic hierarchy of spiritual evolution. He was also convinced
that he had contacted these ‘Old Ones’ using magical invocations, and warned
of terrible powers waiting to return to re-claim the Earth – he interpretated
this belief in the light of the Apocalypse of St. John, but reversed the
ending so that the Beast triumphs after a great war in which the earth is
laid waste.”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ“He [Alhazred] visited the ruins of Babylon and the subterranean secrets
of Memphis and spent ten years alone in the great southern desert of Arabia-the
Roba el Khaliye or ‘Empty Space’ of the ancients and ‘Dahna’ or ‘Crimson
Desert’ of the modern Arabs, which is held to be inhabited by protective
evil spirits and monsters of death. Of this desert many strange and unbelievable
marvels are told by those who pretend to have penetrated it. In his last
years Alhazred dwelt in Damascus, where the Necronomicon (Al Azif)
was written and of his final death or disappearance (738 A.D.) many terrible
and conflicting things are told. He is said by Ebn Khallikan (12th century
biographer) to have been seized by an invisible monster in broad daylight
and devoured horribly before a large number of fright-frozen witnesses.
Of his madness many things are told. He claimed to have seen the fabulous
Irem or city of Pillars, and to have found beneath the ruins of a certain
nameless desert town the shocking annals and secrets of a race older than
mankind. He was only an indifferent Moslem, worshipping unknown deities
whom he called Yog-Sothoth and Cthulhu.”
– H. P. Lovecraft, “The History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”“Alhazred is said (by HPL) to have journeyed to Egypt in search of
occult secrets. This is consistent with the time frame that it was supposed
to have ocured in. Between the fourth century and the tenth century Near
Eastern scholars interested in magickal matters viewed Egypt as an invaluable
source of information. During this time many corrupt Egyptian words and
phrases entered magical writings. Gnostic, Coptic, and Greco-Egyptian word
formulas were incorporated in great number into existing Arab magickal systems…..It
has been suggested that some of the Barbarous names used in Lovecraft’s
fiction might indeed be corrupt Egyptian word formulas. Particularly Yog-Sothoth,
Azathoth, and Nyarlathotep are said to have an Egyptian origin. (Note the
obviously Egyptian endings ‘hotep’ and ‘thoth’.)”“Cthulhu is very close to the Arabic word Khadhulu (also spelled al
qhadhulu
). Khadhulu (al qhadhulu) is translated as ‘Forsaker’

or ‘Abandoner’. Many Sufis and Muqarribun writings make use of this term
(Abandoner). In Sufi and Muqarribun writings ‘abandoner’ refers to the power
that fuels the practices of Tajrid ‘outward detachment’ and
Tafrid ‘interior solitude’.”
– Parker Ryan, “Necronomicon Info Source”
“Mankind, Shaitan is Khadhulu.”
Quran 25:29 “By the time Mohammad was writing Shaitan was being called ‘the Old
Serpent (dragon)’ and ‘the Lord of the Abyss’. The Old Serpent or Old Dragon
is, according to experts such as E.A. Budge and S.N. Kramer, Leviathan [Hebrew].
Leviathan is Lotan [Canaanite]. Lotan traces to Tietan. Tietan, we are told
by the authorities on Near Easern mythology is a later form of Tiamat. According
to the experts the Dragon of the Abyss called Shaitan is the same Dragon
of the Agyss named Tiamat.
– Parker Ryan , “Necronomicon Info Source”“The dragon is an abandoner for he leaves all that is sacred. The dragon goes here and there without pause.”
The Book of Annihilation (an Arabic text on magick)One of the titles of the Dragon is Lord of the Abyss. “The title Lord
of the Abyss translated into Sumerian is ‘Kutulu’. Kutu means
‘Underworld’ or ‘Abyss’ and Lu is Sumerian for ‘Lord’ or ‘Person
of importance’…. Indeed the ruler of the Abyss (kutu) in
Sumeria was the Old Dragon Mumu-Tiamat.”
– Parker Ryan “Necronomicon Info Source”“Some…link Kingu (Qingu) with the Ancient Ones by assigning him
the status of general for the Ancient Ones in their war against the Elder
Gods (which this myth supposedly represents.) Though these groups claim
to be servants of the Elder gods, they worship Tiamat as a benevolent creatrix,
ignoring the fact that it was Tiamat who appointed Kingu HER general in
the Enuma Elis [the Babylonian Epic of Creation], leading
to the conclusion that Tiamat was an Ancient One and therefore that this
group worshipped the Ancient Ones while claiming to serve the Elder Gods.”
– Adapa, “The Necronomicon and Ancient Sumer: Dubunking the Myth” “Another race is the Deep
Ones who are a type of amphibious creature resembling a mixture of a fish, a frog and man. The Deep Ones worship a god called Dagon. Dagon is a deity resembling a giant Deep One. Dagon and the Deep Ones seem to be Allied in some way with Cthulhu.”
“Arab myth mentions mysterious fish-men from the sea of Karkar. These fish-men are probably derivative of the myths related to the actual Near Eastern god Dagon. Dagon is a Philistine deity that appears as a giant fish-man. Dagon is a later version of the Babylonian Oannes.”
– Parker Ryan “Necronomicon Info Source”Oannes were repulsive amphibius beings who came from space in an egg shaped
vehicle. The fragments of text that survive are a Babylonian retelling of
a much more ancient Sumerian tale. Six thousand years ago or so, the Vela
supernova was an awe inspiring sight from the earth. It was then that powerful
beings or “Watchers” came from the sky, taught humans the arts
of civilization, then made them their slaves.According to Robert Temple in his Sirius Mystery, astronomical knowledge
imparted by the Oannes is preserved by the tribal Dogon people today.

“The Greek and Latin Translations”

“In A.D. 950 the Azif, which had gained a considerable though surreptitious circulation amongst the philosophers of the age, was secretly translated into Greek by Theodorus Philetas of Constantinople under the title Necronomicon.”

– H. P. Lovecraft, “The History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”“This title [Necronomicon] is translated as ‘the Book (or image) of the Practices of the Dead’; Necro being Greek for ‘Dead’ and Nomos meaning ‘practices’, ‘customs’ or ‘rules’ (as in astronomy) .”
– Parker Ryan, “The Necronomicon and Ancient Arab Magick”“For a century it impelled certain experimenters to terrible attempts, when it was suppressed and burnt by the patriarch Michael. After this it is only heard of furtively, but (1228) Olaus Wormius made a Latin translation later in the Middle Ages.” “The work, both Latin and Greek, was banned by Pope Gregory IX in 1232,
shortly after its Latin translation, which called attention to it.”
– H. P. Lovecraft, “The History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”“A Latin translation was made in 1487 by a Dominican priest Olaus
Wormius. Wormius, a German by birth, was a secretary to the first Grand
Inquisitor of the Spanish Inquisition, Tomas de Torquemada, and it is likely
that the manuscript of the Necronomicon was seized during the persecution
of Moors (“Moriscos”) who had been converted to Catholism under
duress; this group was deemed to be unsufficiently pure in its beliefs.
. “It was an act of sheer folly for Wormius to translate and print the
Necronomicon at that time and place. The book must have held an
obsessive fascination for the man, because he was finally charged with heresy
and burned after sending a copy of the book to Johann Tritheim, Abbot of
Spanheim (better known as ‘Trithemius’); the accompanying letter contained
a detailed and blasphemous interpretation of certain passages in the Book
of Genesis. Virtually all the copies of Wormius’s translation were seized
and burned with him, although there is the inevitable suspicion that at
least one copy must have found its way into the Vatican Library.”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ“…The Latin text was printed twice – once in the 15th century in
block letter (evidently in German) and once in the 17th (probably Spanish);
both editions being without identifying marks, and located as to time and
place by internal typographic evidence only.
– H. P. Lovecraft, “The History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”“It was written in seven volumes, and runs to over 900 pages in the Latin edition.”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ“Of the Latin texts now existing one (15th century) is known to be
in the British Museum under lock and key, which another (17th century) is
in the Bibliotheque Nationale at Paris. A 17th century edition is in the
Widener Library at Harvard, and in the Library of Miskatonic University
at Arkham; also in the library of the University of Buenos Aires. “Numerous other copies probably exist in secret, and a 15th century
one is persistently rumored to form part of the collection of a celebrated
American millionaire. A still vaguer rumor credits the preservation of a
16th century Greek text in the Salem family of Pickman; but if it was so
preserved, it vanished with the artist R. U. Pickman , who disappeared early
in 1926. The book is rigidly suppressed by the authorities of most countries,
and by all branches of organized ecclesiasticism. Reading leads to terrible
consequences. It was from rumors of this book (of which relatively few of
the general public know) that R. W. Chambers is said to have derived the
idea of his early novelThe King in Yellow.”
– H. P. Lovecraft, “The History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”

Dee’s Liber Logaeth

“They have walked amidst the stars and They have walked the Earth. The City of Irem in the great desert has known Them; Leng in the Cold Waste has seen Their passing, the timeless citadel upon the cloud-veiled heights of unknown Kadath beareth Their mark. Wantonly the Old Ones trod the ways of darkness and Their blasphemies were great upon the Earth; all creation bowed beneath Their might and knew Them for Their wickedness.”

Liber Logaeth (translated by Dr. John Dee)“The Latin text came into the possession of Dr. John Dee in the sixteenth
century. Dr. Dee made the only English translation of the Necronomicon
known.”
– Parker Ryan, “The Necronomicon and Ancient Arab Magick”“Dr. John Dee, the famous English magician, and his assistant Edward
Kelly were at the court of the Emperor Rudolph II to discuss plans for making
alchemical gold, and Kelly bought the copy from the so-called ‘Black Rabbi’
and Kabbalist, Jacob Eliezer, who had fled to Prague from Italy after accusations
of necromancy. At that time Prague had become a magnet for magicians, alchemists
and charletons of every kind under the patronage of Rudolph, and it is hard
to imagine a more likely place in Europe for a copy to surface. “
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQDee and Kelly’s “Enochian system has many parallels with HPL. Schueler
asserts that the Enochian tradition proposes the existence of a God or Force
which is the manifestation of Infinite Space similar to Crowley’s Nuit and
HPL’s Yog-Sototh. Schueler also contends that The Divine manifestation of
the nuclear point at the center of infinity (equivalent to Hadit or Azathoth)
is also important to Enochian magick. The Enochian Keys state that the wold
is nearing an eon spanning Cycle in which Ancient Gods will return to there
throne and the world will be forever changed. These keys also mention an
imprisoned dragon (Cthulhu?)”
– Parker Ryan , “Necronomicon Info Source”“The Necronomicon appears to have had a marked influence on Kelly; the character of his scrying changed, and he produced an extraordinary communication which struck horror into the Dee household…Kelly left Dee shortly afterwards. Dee translated the Necronomicon into English while warden of Christ’s College, Manchester…”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ“An English translation made by Dr. [John] Dee was never printed, and exists only in fragments recovered from the original MS.”
– H. P. Lovecraft, “The History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”“…The manuscript passed into the collection of the great collector Elias Ashmole, and hence to the Bodleian Library in Oxford.”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ“Dee’s cipher manuscript was called Liber Logaeth, and was evidently “a portion of a larger manuscript, the origin and nature of which is not known. Due to its history and the similarity in content to the Cthulhu Mythos, this document has been presented…as being, at least a portion of, the document which was the inspiration for HPL’s Necronomicon.”
– Ken Ottinger
COMPARISON OF TEXTS
Dee’s Liber Logaeth HPL’s Necronomicon
Of Ye Old Ones and their SpawnThe Old Ones were, the Old Ones are and the Old Ones shall be. From the dark stars They came ere man was born, unseen and loathsome They descended to primal earth. Nor is it to be thought that man is either the oldest or the last of Earth’s masters, or that the common bulk of life and substance walks alone. The Old Ones were, the Old Ones are, and the Old Ones shall be. 
Beneath the oceans They brooded while ages past, till seas gave up the land, whereupon They swarmed forth in Their multitudes and darkness ruled the Earth. At the frozen Poles They raised mighty cities, and upon high places the temples of Those whome nature owns not and the Gods have cursed. The ice desert of the South and the sunken isles of Ocean hold stones whereon Their seal is engraven, but who hath seen the deep frozen city or the sealed tower long garlanded with seaweed and barnacles?
Great Cthulhuis Their brother, the shaggoths Their slaves. The Dholes do homage unto Them in the nighted vale of Pnoth and Gugs sing Their praises beneath the peaks of ancient Throk. Great Cthulhu is Their cousin, yet can he spy Them only dimly. lŠ! Shub-Niggurath!
Beyond the Gate dwell now the Old Ones; not in the spaces known unto men but in the angles betwixt them. Outside Earth’s plane They linger and ever awaite the time of Their return; for the Earth has known Them and shall know Them in time yet to come. Not in the spaces we know, but between them. They walk serene and primal, undimensioned and to us unseen.
And the Old Ones hold foul and formless Azathoth for Their Master and Abide with Him in the black cavern at the centre of all infinity, where he gnaws ravenously in ultimate chaos amid the mad beating of hidden drums, the tuneless piping of hideous flutes and the ceaseless bellowing of blind idiot gods that shamble and gesture aimlessly for ever. They walk unseen and foul in lonely places where the Words have been spoken and the Rites howled through at their Seasons. The wind gibbers with Their voices, and the earth mutters with Their consciousness. They bend the forest and crush the city, yet may; not forest or city behold the hand that smites.
The soul of Azathoth dwelleth in Yog-sothoth and He shall beckon unto the Old Ones when the stars mark the time of Their coming; for Yog-sothoth is the Gate through which Those of the Void will re-enter. Yog-sothoth knowest the mazes of of time, for all time is one unto Him. He knowest where the Old Ones came forth in time along long past and where They shall come forth again when the cycle returneth. Yog-Sothoth knows the gate. Yog-Sothoth is the gate. Yog-Sothoth is the key and guardian of the gate. Past, present, future, all are one in Yog-Sothoth. He knows where the Old Ones broke through of old, and where They shall break through again.
After day cometh night; man’s day shall pass, and They shall rule where They once ruled. As foulness you shall know them and Their accursedness shall stain the Earth. Man rules now where They ruled once; They shall soon rule where man rules now. After summer is winter, and after winter summer. They wait patient and potent, for here shall They reign again.

The quotes from Lovecraft were taken from his short story “The Dunwich Horror” ( 1928). Lovecraft attributes the source of his material to Olaus Wormius’ Latin version of Abdul Alhazred’s Necronomicon, as printed in Spain in the 17th century. Note how Dee’s Liber Logaeth places the return of the Old Ones at some indeterminate future while in Lovecraft’s version, They are coming soon (and in his stories have already arrived.) For the text of Olaus Wormius’ version click here.

The Missing Texts

“No Arabic manuscript is known to exist; the author Idries Shah carried out a search in the libraries of Deobund in India, Al-Azhar in Egypt, and the Library of the Holy City of Mecca, without success.”

– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ“The Arabic original was lost as early as Wormius’ time, as indicated by his prefatory note (there is, however, a vague account of a secret copy appearing in San Francisco during the present century but later perishing by fire); and no sight of the Greek copy – which was printed in Italy between 1500 and 1550 – has been reported since the burning of a certain Salem man’s library in 1692.”
– H. P. Lovecraft, “The
History and Chronology of the Necronomicon”
“Nathan of Gaza precipitated one of the most profound events in the
history of Judaism. In 1665, while only 21 or 22 years old, he proclaimed
that Sabbatai Tzevi was the Messiah.” Nathan also wrote theSepher ha-Sha’are ha-Daath, a commentary on
the Book of the Alhazred. “Nathan’s purpose appears to have
been to develop a methodology for a systematic exploration of the realms
of the Klippoth [husks or shells of materiality which ensnare the spirit],
as part of his mission to redeem the sparks [concentrated shards of the
original creation], using some of Alhazred’s techniques. It is an extraordinary
development of Alhazred’s work, identifying the Klippoth with the primordial
Old Ones.” “Nathan developed a huge following and for many years Judaism was riven
with charges of heresy. Many prominent Rabbis and community leaders sided
with Nathan, and it took most of a century for the drama to unwind. Eventually
the Sabbatean movement went underground, and while it is a certainty that
a copy of the Sepher ha-Sha’are ha-Daath exists in a private library
somewhere, no one is admitting that they have it.”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon
FAQ
“In the years from 1933-38 the few known copies of the Necronomicon
simply disappeared; someone in the German government of Adolph Hitler took
an interest in obscure occult literature and began to obtain copies by fair
means or foul. Dee’s translation disappeared from the Bodleian following
a break-in in the spring of 1934. The British Museum suffered several abortive
burglaries, and the Wormius edition was deleted from the catalogue and removed
to an underground repository in a converted slate mine in Wales (where the
Crown Jewels were stored during the 1939-45 war). Other libraries lost their
copies, and today there is no library with a genuine catalogue entry for
the Necronomicon. The current whereabouts of copies of the Necronomicon
is unknown; there is a story of a large wartime cache of occult and magical
documents in the Osterhorn area near Salzburg.
– Colin Low, Necronomicon
FAQ.”
“Lovecraft denied that the book existed, and wrote as a joke a paper
titled ‘A History of the Necronomicon‘, giving a chronology of
the book, names, and places. Supposedly, the book was written around A.D.
700 by an Arab by the name of Abdul Al-Hazred, and the original title was
Al Azif, which is Arabic for the sound made by nocturnal insects. Al-Hazred
was supposedly better known as ‘the Mad Arab’, and the name of the book
is supposedly bastardized Greek and Latin, which roughly translates into
‘The Book of Dead Names’ (i.e., ikon = book, necro
= die or dead, and nom = name). Lovecraft told his colleagues
that he stole the name ‘Al Azif’ from another author as a joke, and that
the name ‘Al-Hazred’ was a pun on his mother’s maiden name, Hazard.”
– Kendrick Kerwin Chua,
“The Necronomicon – FAQ Version 2.0″
The books of the The Order of the Golden Dawn, “The Equinox
and The Golden Dawn, are important to a study of H. P. Lovecraft
for several reasons. First, they are the closest thing to Lovecraft’s Necronomicon
to be produced in this century. second, in his study of occult material,
it is not impossible that Lovecraft may have come into contact with The
Equinox.
. In fact, the Widener Library at Harvard owns Volume 1, Number

5 (March 1911), of The Equinox, which was received at the library
on December 31, 1917, placing it easily within Lovecraft’s reach. And third,
there is a kind of peripheral connection between Lovecraft and the Golden
Dawn in that several of his favorite weird fiction writers belonged to it.
Arthur Machen and Algernon Blackwood, both of whom Lovecraft praised (albeit
to different degrees) in ‘Supernatural Horror in Literature’, were prominent
members of the order, as were Sax Rohmer, Bram Stoker, author of Dracula,
and Robert Louis Stevenson.”
-Philip A. Shreffer,
The H.P. Lovecraft Companion
“When we then turn to the text referred to as the Necronomicon
by H.P. Lovecraft, we are hard-pressed to render a ‘verdict’ as to its legitimacy.
If indeed the text preceded Lovecraft, then this does not guarantee that
it has come down to us unedited. If the idea and title were used by Lovecraft
as a result of suggestions from others without an extant text, then perhaps
its ‘source consciousness’ hid the text until a later time. If Lovecraft
fabricated even the IDEA of the tome along with its title, then perhaps
he was simply a ‘third party’ to a state of consciousness which we may never
assess.”
– Kendrick Kerwin Chua,
“The Necronomicon – FAQ Version 2.0″
“Since the publication in 1938 of H. P. Lovecraft’s essay on the Necronomicon,
at least one more copy of this obviously rare book has surfaced and is now
in the collection of the [John Hay] Library at Brown University, Providence,
Rhode Island. Printed by the Owl’s Wick Press at Philadelphia in 1973, this
modern edition of the Necronomicon appears to be a facsimile of
the original Arabic text that Lovecraft presumed lost by the year A. D.
1050. A problematical aspect of the Brown University copy, however, is that
the text, though appearing to the untrained eye to be in Arabic, is actually
in a language known to Semitic scholars as Duraic. Unfortunately, there
has, to date, been no successful completion of a translation.”
-Philip A. Shreffer,
The H.P. Lovecraft Companion The “Great Beast” Aleister Crowley interpreted the horrifying communication by Kelly (under the influence of the Necronomicon four centuries earlier) “as the abortive first attempt of an extra-human entity to communicate thelemic Book of the Law.”

“There is no question that Crowley read Dee’s translation of the Necronomicon in the Ashmolean, probably while researching Dee’s papers; too many passages in Crowley’s Book of the Law read like a transcription of passages in that translation.”
– Colin Low, Necronomicon FAQ
COMPARISON OF TERMINOLOGY
H.P.
Lovecraft
Aleister Crowley Ancient Sumer
Cthulhu The Great Beast
Ctha-lu, Kutulu represented in “CTH/H 666”
The Ancient Ones Satan; Teitan Tiamat
Azathoth Aiwass (?) Azag-thoth
The Dunwitch Horror Choronzon Pazuzu
Shub Niggurath Pan Shub Ishniggarab  (?)
Out Of Space The Abyss Absu; Nar Mattaru
IA! IO! IAO! IA (Jah; Ea; Lord of Waters)
The Five-pointed
star cavern
The Pentagram The AR, or UB (Plough Sign: the original gray pentagram and sign of the Aryan Race)
Vermis Mysteriis The Serpent Erim (the enemy; and the sea as Chaos;  Gothic: Orim, or Worm Great
 

The Coroner presents the Necronomicron

“Succinctly stated:
there are no ‘Ancient One’ in Sumerian Religion or mythology. Similarly,
there are no ‘Elder Gods’. Additionally, there exists no written record
of any god, demon, or lesser figure whose names resemble those of the Chthonic
pantheon. Some have advanced the proposition that Cthulhu is taken from
the eponym Kutu-lu, a mangled rendering of ‘man of Kutha’.
This would suggest that Cthulhu is supposedly a title of Nergal, the patron
deity of the city of Kutha in ancient Mesopotamia. Yet nowhere in any extant
text is this title referred to. In fact, nowhere in any tablet is any god
of the Mesopotamian pantheon referred to under the title ‘man of…’ Such
a base descriptive was unheard of as a divine appellation.”

“The Enuma Elis, the Babylonian Epic of Creation…attributed to the mid second millennium in the Old Babylonian period, stands not for the struggle between the forces of Darkness and Light, but rather serves to exemplify the movement from chaos to order in the political arena of this ancient land:”

– Adapa, “The Necronomicon
and Ancient Sumer: Dubunking the Myth”
“Just as his observation about the physical origin of his country
guided the ancient Mesopotamian in his speculations about the origins of
the Universe, so do his memory and his experience of its political organization
seem to have governed his thinking about the origins of order in that universe.
Politics in Mesopotamia in the Old Babylonian Period, various and unstable,
abounded in tribal and urban political forms. It ranged from near anarchy
to democratic or semidemocratic forms based on general assemblies to monarchies.
Its continually shifting power combinations and frequent attempts at achieving
supremacy now by one, now by another, undoubtedly afforded many an object
lesson in how to win power when common danger imposed unity and in how to
preserve such power by wise and benevolent rule after the immediate danger
was past. In the [Enuma Elis] epic, world order is seen as the
outcome of just such a successful drive towards supremacy.”
– T. Jacobsen, Treasures of Darkness
Other Necronomicon Sites
Illustrated hypertext version of quotes from the original document
Extensive list of links plus project to construct a version of the Necronomicron
The definitive source on the history and origins of the Necronomicon!

Hyperlinks