THE UFO GUIDE, originally by Nick Humphries, February 1994.
Last updated by THINK ABOUT IT, JANUARY 2000.
ADAMSKI, GEORGE A UFO hoaxer, the most famous hoax is the Adamski photographs of UFOs that were later revealed to be fake. He also claimed to have met Venusians in 1952 and started spreading the word of the Cosmic Philosophy.
AFOSI US Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
ANOMALY (AN RATING) See VALLEE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
APRO The US based Aerial Phenomenon Research Organisation.
AREA 51 The Groom Dry Lake area of the Nellis Air Force Range and Nuclear Test Site in the Nevada desert, about 80 miles NNW of Las Vegas. It is here that the US government is test-flying highly secret BLACK PROJECT aircraft, including UFOs, for a number of years.
ARNOLD, KENNETH On 24th June 1947, pilot Kenneth Arnold observed nine boomerang-shaped craft flying over the Cascade Mountains in Washington - the sighting which gave FLYING SAUCERS their name. The second sighting he had received less coverage. On 29th July 1947 he saw around 20 to 25 brass-colored objects come to within 400 yards of his plane as he flew over the La Grande valley.
BENNEWITZ, PAUL In the late 1970's, an Albuquerque businessman named Paul Bennewitz started to monitor unusual electromagnetic pulses from what he thought were UFOs flying above the nearby Manzano Nuclear Weapons Storage Facility near Kirtland Air Force Base. He came to the conclusion that these pulses _may_ be controlling implanted abductees, so he started attempting to decode the pulses, and thought he was on the right path. He contacted APRO about his theory, but they wouldn't believe him, so he contacted AFOSI in October 1980, where he was put in touch with RICHARD DOTY. He filled out a few forms and sent in some tape he had filmed of some UFOs over the Nuclear Storage Facility and Doty started to feed Bennewitz DISINFORMATION about the US government's involvement with the UFO phenomenon, including tales of US/alien pacts, alien bases in various places around the world, and of experiments that the aliens carried out with humans to create hybrids and androids. Bennewitz believed all of it. Doty then got WILLIAM MOORE to pass on more disinformation on to him, and Bennewitz got more and more paranoid and eventually went insane. Bennewitz told JOHN LEAR what he had heard and Lear took this into account when he wrote his DARK SIDE HYPOTHESIS.
BLACK PROJECTS Government projects that are considered as technological secrets. About $US50bn are invested in US black projects a year.
BUFORA The British UFO Research Organization is the largest UFO group in Great Britain and has been going since 1964. As well as doing research into the UFO phenomena, it publishes the bi-monthly journal "UFO TIMES".
CASH/LANDRUM CASE In December 1980, Betty Cash, Vickie Landrum and her grandson Colby Landrum, were driving along a road in Huffman, Texas when they saw a bright light in the sky. After driving a little more along the road, they came across a large diamond shaped UFO hovering over the road belching fire out of the bottom. Since the flames were blocking the road, they had to stop the car about 65 yards away from the craft and the three of them got out. Vickie and Colby stayed by the car, whereas Betty went on to get a closer look. She spent a long time gazing at it and her skin began to burn because of the heat from the flames. She returned to the car when the object began to rise and a large number of unmarked black helicopters chased after the UFO. When they got home, they started suffering from sunburn, diarrhea and vomiting. It has been claimed that the craft was a US attempt at making a UFO since it was spewing out flames at the bottom and was joined by many helicopters later on (See PROJECT SNOWBIRD).
CATTLE MUTILATIONS A world-wide problem, cattle are killed and the body is left on the farm in various conditions. On studying the body, it has been found that the body has been _totally_ drained of blood and that there has been no trace of blood found anywhere on the ground around the body. Various incisions would also be found on the body that were so clear cut that they would have had to have been done with some sort of laser technology that we didn't have when the mutilations started (before 1970). Bones were also clearly cut with no bone fragments around the cut. The bodies would be missing various parts which had also shown to have been removed with accurate precision. UFOs have been linked with these mutilations since they have been sighted at the same time in the same area where the mutilated bodies have been found.
CLOSE ENCOUNTERS (CE RATING) See HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM and VALLEE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
COLLINS, ROBERT See "CONDOR".
CONDON REPORT The result of an investigation into PROJECT BLUE BOOK in 1969 by Dr Edward Condon. He started the investigation saying that all UFOs are "bunk", people who believed in them were "kooks", the authors of UFO books should be "horsewhipped" and that Blue Book was a waste of time. As a consequence, the report concluded that all UFO sightings were explainable and that UFOs didn't pose a defence threat.
"CONDOR" Also known as Robert Collins who took part in a DISINFORMATION program with WILLIAM MOORE and RICHARD DOTY against PAUL BENNEWITZ.
COOPER, MILTON WILLIAM Known as Bill Cooper, this is one man who the UFO community does not trust anymore. He used to work for the US Air Force and claims to have then moved on into Naval Intelligence. He made his debut on PARANET with a report on a UFO sighting he had whilst on the USS Tiru, a US Naval submarine. That report was accepted in good faith. He then began to send in details about various secret projects that he alleged the US governments were involved in during his time in intelligence. When asked for evidence to back his claims up by UFO researchers, he replied abusively. His reports continued to be sent in and the researchers still questioned him about backup evidence. Eventually he was barred from Paranet. He still wrote the reports and sent them into various bulletin boards anonymously, this time accusing the UFO researchers that questioned his authenticity as people who are working for the government to spread DISINFORMATION to the public. Bill Cooper is now a highly paid lecturer who lectures about his "experiences" and also claims that JFK was assassinated by the driver of the car because he wanted to make details about UFOs public and that we had bases on the Moon and on Mars built in the 1950's. Evidence : none for the bases and a seventh generation copy of the film showing the assassination that is very bad quality. He also claims that the aliens in US TV series "Alien Nation" are real aliens who were employed as part of an indoctrination program so that the public will accept the reality of aliens more easily. Bill Cooper's sources for his hypothesis is a mixture of the claims of PAUL BENNEWITZ, BILL MOORE, JOHN LEAR and BOB LAZAR and added a few unfounded theories he invented himself. When Bob Lazar was on a phone-in in 1989 ("Billy Goodman's Happening", 21/11/89) whilst he was going public, Cooper called in and said that he had talked to Lazar for over a year and that he had checked out his claims and they are all genuine. Then, some months later, Cooper changes his mind and says that Lazar is a fraud and had always known he was a fraud ever since he first went public. This is just one example of the many U-turns and inconsistencies that Cooper has carried out over the years.
CUFOS The Center for UFO Studies was founded in 1973 by Dr J. Allen Hynek four years after his work at PROJECT BLUE BOOK ended. It publishes the bi-monthly journal "INTERNATIONAL UFO REPORTER" and an annual "JOURNAL OF UFO STUDIES".
DARK SIDE HYPOTHESIS This is a brief run-through of JOHN LEAR's Dark Side Hypothesis : Dozens of flying saucers have crashed over the years and the US government has recovered all of them and launched Project Redlight in 1962 whose aims were to discover how to fly these recovered craft and was carried out in S-4 at AREA 51. Lear claims that this area is no longer in US control, the aliens have taken over the area. The US government then made a deal with the aliens in which the aliens could control a segment of S-4 and abduct as many people as they want, in return for their technology and that they provided a list of people that they intended to abduct. In 1973, the US government discovered that the aliens were abducting more people than they had listed and there was a confrontation and in 1978/9 the aliens held and then killed 44 top scientists and some of the Delta Force troops sent in to rescue them. The deal was then broken but the aliens stayed and were abducting as many as 1 in 10 Americans to use in experiments, mutilating these abductees and producing androids in underground laboratories. Sometime in the 1980's the US government and the aliens got together again and are working together so that the US can gain some more alien technology. Lear claims that there is a secret US government that is overseeing the abductions and that the abductees have implants in them that control them so that when an ideal time came, the secret government could enslave them and control them via drug addiction. The head of the secret government would be MJ-12. Lear's sources were PAUL BENNEWITZ, BOB LAZAR and, later on, BILL COOPER. When Bob Lazar went public on US TV in 1989, he said that he did not believe any of Lear's claims and distanced himself from Lear and any of his associates.
DAYLIGHT DISK See HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
DISINFORMATION A strategy used by the governments of the world to cover up any knowledge they have of UFOs. Disinformation is when a person or organization lies to a person by knowingly giving him or her fake documents or telling them false "facts".
DOTY, RICHARD The AFOSI Special Agent who fed PAUL BENNEWITZ DISINFORMATION and employed WILLIAM MOORE to feed Bennewitz more information and to spy on various prominent ufologists. Doty was given the code name "FALCON" by Moore when they both appeared with "CONDOR" on "UFO Cover-Up...Live" in the US. The show was a big embarrassment to the UFO community when they claimed that EBE's were living in secret hideaways and like strawberry ice cream and Tibetan music.
DREAMLAND The nickname for AREA 51.
EBE Extra-terrestrial Biological Entities. An unofficial term that is used to refer to aliens that originated from the MJ-12 briefing document.
ET Extra-terrestrial. A term used to refer to aliens.
ET EXPOSURE LAW In July 1969, the ET Exposure Law was added to US law without public debate, a law that prohibits anyone to come into contact with a UFO or any aliens. If a person breaks this law, he or she can be fined up to $5000 (yes, _five_thousand_dollars_, approximately 3300 UK pounds) and be jailed for up to a year. On top of that, a NASA administrator is empowered to determine, with or without a hearing, if a person has been "extra-terrestrially exposed" and can impose that the person can be locked up in quarantine under armed guard for _any_ period of time. The decision cannot be reversed, not even by a court order, making the law completely against the American Constitution. The law also effectively makes anyone involved in a CLOSE ENCOUNTER a criminal. Since the law is in Title 14, Section 1211 of the Code of Federal Regulations, very few people know about it since you would have had to have gone through at least 1210 other laws in the book to find it.
"FALCON" Almost universally believed to be former AFOSI Special Agent RICHARD DOTY.
"FIRE IN THE SKY" Big screen movie based on the TRAVIS WALTON ABDUCTION CASE. It _isn't_ a true documentary, various facts have been missed out or changed to make the film more interesting.
FLY-BY (FB RATING) See VALLEE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
FLYING SAUCER When Kenneth Arnold reported his 1947 daylight sighting of nine boomerang-shaped UFOs over the north west of the USA, a newspaper covered the story and called the crafts "flying saucers" because Arnold said that their movements were similar to that of a saucer skipping across the surface of a lake despite the fact that the UFOs weren't saucer-shaped. The name stuck.
"FLYING SAUCER REVIEW" The longest running UFO journal in existence, running since the 1950's. Unfortunately not the authoritative journal it used to be in its heyday due to changes of editors. The current editor, Gordon Creighton believes that we are all being controlled by alien forces of some sort and that we can do nothing to stop them. He is also convinced that a significant percentage of the Earth's population is half-alien-half-human, and some people are completely alien.
FOIA Freedom of Information Act. This is an American law that allows members of the public to obtain copies of classified documents by having all or parts of the documents declassified by order of a federal judge. The judge may refuse the declassification of a document if it is necessary for the document to remain classified because it affects national security. At least, that is in theory. In practice it has been very unreliable, if one group requests for a set of documents and gets them, it doesn't necessarily mean that a second group will be able to get them. If the government denies they've got the documents that you are looking for, they may not be telling the truth. It has been known for a government to deny that it has _any_ documents on an incident yet they release some a few months later.
FOO FIGHTERS Shiny metallic-looking sphere seen floating in the skies in World War II from 1943 onwards. After the war, neither side claimed to have sent them up there. The Americans called them "foo fighters", a term derived from a comic-strip phrase "Where there's foo, there's fire."
GHOST ROCKETS In 1946, over two thousand UFOs were observed flying above Scandinavia. They looked like missiles with a flame exhaust at one end, but travelled at varying speeds (from very fast to fairly slow) and performed various exotic manoeuvres at these speeds. There were reports at the time that some had landed and exploded. Neither East nor West admitted launching these rockets. Western scientists analysed fragments from these missiles and said that they were made of an organic substance that resembled carbide. When a Greek investigation publicly announced in 1967 that these were not missiles, the investigation was ordered to close by the Army and further information was covered in a blanket of secrecy.
GREYS The most common type of alien seen in CLOSE ENCOUNTER cases. Height varies from two feet to five feet, are humanoid, and usually have black bug-like eyes, little or no nose and a small slit for a mouth.
GOOD, TIMOTHY Author of best selling books "Above Top Secret", "Alien Liaison", "Alien Update" and the "UFO Report" series. "Above Top Secret" documented the worldwide government cover-up of UFO related material and incidents. It also published the faked MJ-12 briefing document. Despite that, it is widely regarded as _the_ book to read if you're seriously interested in UFOs. "Alien Liaison" went one step further by dealing with disinformation, CATTLE MUTILATIONS and the ROBERT LAZAR case, but is thought of as fairly unreliable since parts of it were heavily influenced by the claims in the MJ-12 documents, the claims of BILL MOORE, and also the claims of BOB OESCHLER that he worked on a top secret project to produce an exhibition called "Cosmic Journey" in which the US government was allegedly going to display a preserved alien body and a section of a UFO. "Alien Update" can be thought of as "UFO Report 1993" since it is in exactly the same format as the other books in the "UFO Report" series.
GULF BREEZE SIGHTINGS A series of UFO sightings in Gulf Breeze, Florida that have taken place since 1987, but the most concentrated period of sightings was between November 1987 and May 1988 and were centered around Ed and Frances Walters. During this period, Ed claims that aliens have attempted to abduct both him and his wife using a blue ray, but failed. He also claims that he knew when another encounter with a UFO was imminent because he would feel a humming noise in his head. When he got this humming noise, he would rush out with his camera and would take a picture of the UFO which would be waiting for him in the sky. The Walters took a total of forty photos with various cameras over that period and all of them were evaluated by various scientists and were proved that they were not faked. The most impressive photos included a blue ray that was used to transport people to and from the UFOs, a UFO photographed that was partially obscured by a tree (very hard to fake) and also the same UFO hovering above a highway with a reflection on the road of the bright light on the underside of the UFO.
HILL ABDUCTION CASE A controversial abduction case, controversial because it all hinges on information gained by performing HYPNOTIC REGRESSION on Betty and Barney Hill. In September 1961, the Hills were returning from a holiday and were driving along a New Hampshire road when they saw a bright light moving rapidly in the sky. They stopped the car and got out to have a closer look with binoculars. The light then reversed its direction and the couple got back into their car and drove on. The light then turned back and approached their car, so they stopped again to look at it. The craft was coin shaped with blue lighted windows along the edge, through which they saw figures running about. Barney walked over the road to get an even better look when two wings came out of either side of the craft which had red lights on the wing tips. He then got shocked and _very_ agitated and ran back into the car and the two of them went back on their journey home. When they got back, they realised that they were some two hours late and they didn't know why. After a few days, Betty had a series of disturbing dreams relating to a possible UFO abduction, so she and Barney agreed to go under hypnotic regression to try and find out just _what_ happened during those two lost hours. The two were sent into a hypnotic sleep both together and separately, and both stories matched up with each other for the times when they were together during the UFO incident. The story went like this: When the Hills stopped the car the second time, it was because it was stalled by the UFO. The two were helped out of their car by a few men (alien men) and were taken off of the road and up a ramp into the UFO. They were then separated and put into different rooms where they underwent an examination involving taking samples from various areas of the body. Before being joined together and being allowed to leave, Betty was shown a three-dimensional holographic star map and was able to draw it out after a regression session. An amateur astronomer took the drawing of the star map and searched through the near stars to see if she could get a match for the star configuration drawn by Betty. After another five years of searching, she found one, and therefore calculated that the aliens must have come from the ZETA RETICULI system.
HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM A system used to categorize the various types of UFO sightings invented by Dr J. Allen Hynek. The categories are as follows...
There are also two more unofficial classes of Close Encounter...
HYPNOTIC REGRESSION There is a theory that everything you see and hear is stored into the subconscious memory, and that it is possible to recount experiences via the use of hypnotic regression, in which the person is sent into a trance and re-enacts the experience. However, such a tool is very unreliable since they could be thinking about something else or mix two different experiences together. Another problem with hypnotic regression is interpreting what is recounted. In a non-UFO related case, an English girl was sent into a hypnotic state and started to talk non-stop in French. What she said was recorded and the investigator concluded that the girl must have been French in a past life. This theory was readily accepted until someone read the transcription of what the girl had said and found that it was an _exact_ copy of a French text she had read. It has also been found that pathological liars can lie whilst under hypnosis.
INTERNATIONAL UFO REPORTER (IUR)CUFOS journal that is published bi-monthly that summarizes current sightings and UFO news.
JOURNAL OF UFO STUDIES (JUFOS)CUFOS annual journal that contains scholarly papers on UFOLOGY.
JUST CAUSEA journal that is published quarterly by CAUS (Citizens Against UFO Secrecy) and has been published since 1984.
LAZAR, ROBERT SCOTT Robert Lazar is a scientist with two masters degrees, one in physics, the other in electronics. He wrote his thesis on magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). He has worked in Los Alamos as a technician and then as a physicist in the Polarized Proton Section dealing with particle accelerators. In his spare time, he has built a jet powered car _and_ a jet powered motorbike (max. speed 350mph!), as well as a car capable of running off of hydrogen. In March 1989, Lazar appeared on KLAS-TV in the US claiming to have worked in an above Top Secret installation known as S-4, ten miles south of AREA 51 in the Nevada desert. He was a scientist who was employed between December 1988 and April 1989 to examine a captured flying saucer to try and reverse engineer the saucer's propulsion mechanism. He claims that there were nine different saucers at >S-4, although he was only working on one of them. He was told that the crafts used a propulsion system that uses gravity waves, a theory that mainstream science hasn't discovered yet (scientists don't know what gravity actually _is_, there are many theories, but there hasn't been one that is universally accepted yet) and the energy needed is supplied by irradiating Element 115, an element not found on Earth and which cannot be synthesized. A kilogram of the element releases the same amount of energy as 47 10-megaton hydrogen bombs. He says that he had 500 pounds (227.27kg) of the element to work with, but each craft only needed 223 grams of the element. Whilst working on one of the craft, he was allowed to actually go inside the craft and he was also present at a test flight in which the craft underwent a few simple maneuvers in the air. When he went public in March 1989, he appeared on US TV in shadow with his voice altered, under the pseudonym "Dennis", an inside joke since his boss at S-4 was called Dennis Mariani, in an attempt to remain anonymous. On 29/3/89 he took three of his friends, one of them John Lear, to the edge of S-4 to observe any UFO test flights through a telescope. They saw (and filmed) a bright light rise in a step maneuver, that is, it would hover in the air, briefly disappear and reappear a few feet higher, and then the light went down in the same way. When they went again the following week on 6/4/89, they were caught by a security guard. Their ID details were recorded on a computer in Area 51 and they were ordered to leave the area, despite it being public land. They did leave and the following day, Lazar was ordered to go to Area 51 for a meeting with some security guards and an FBI agent. It was then that he resigned and left. After he was fired at whilst traveling on an Interstate highway, he decided that he'd better go public on TV under his own name, the theory being that if anyone kills him after going completely public, then that action would prove that he was telling the truth. He went on TV to tell the full story in November 1989 and his story has (to my knowledge) remained consistent since then.
LEAR, JOHN The estranged son of Bill Lear, inventor of the Lear Jet. John Lear is the only pilot who holds every airman certificate awarded by the Federal Aviation Administration. He has flown over 160 different type of aircraft and had flown many missions for the CIA. He is a friend of PAUL BENNEWITZ who told Lear everything that he had heard from RICHARD DOTY and WILLIAM MOORE and Lear believed most of it. Lear was also a friend of ROBERT LAZAR who told him about the various goings on at AREA 51; Moore showed him the various documents he had been given by Doty, and from those three sources began work on his Lear Hypothesis, also known as the DARK SIDE HYPOTHESIS. He then subscribed to Paranet and found a friend in BILL COOPER. With Cooper's help, he finished his hypothesis and sent it to the Paranet Bulletin Board. He then decided to test the UFO society by faking some government documents about aliens, the Krlll (pronounced "Krill") Files. All of the UFO society (but one) checked out the material included in the files and found large inconsistencies and lies. The one person who didn't was Cooper, who claimed to have seen the documents when he was working for the government. When the files were declared as faked, Lear and Cooper were barred from Paranet and the friendship between them broke down, Cooper accusing Lear of being a government agent. Lear is now lecturing about his Hypothesis.
MAJESTIC The highest security level known, higher than the Atom Bomb and effectively thirty-eight levels higher than Top Secret due to the compartmentalization of information. There are allegedly over thirty compartments of Top Secret which means that if you have a Top Secret clearance, it doesn't mean that you have access to all Top Secret documents, you must require the "need to know". Documents that require the "need to know" are classified as Top Secret xxx, where xxx can be any one of over thirty code names. Documents about S-4/AREA 51 happenings are classed as "Majestic".
MANOEUVRE (MA RATING) See VALLEE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
MEN IN BLACK (MIBs) These are people who dress up in black suits and travel around in sleek shiny black cars and helicopters threatening UFO witnesses, to keep them quiet about their experiences. No one is quite sure who the MIBs are or who they represent, the government or the aliens.
MISSING TIME Some people say that when they return from a UFO sighting, they found that a period of time had passed which he or she couldn't account for. This can be minutes, hours, or even days which are unaccounted for. This is the phenomena of missing time.
MJ-12 The MJ-12 (standing for "Majestic Twelve") mystery was sparked off with the 1987 publication of an alleged briefing document from ex-US President Truman to President-Elect Eisenhower in November 1953. The document dealt with government knowledge about UFOs, aliens, and above Top Secret projects. It listed the twelve members as Dr Lloyd Berkner, Dr Detlev Bronk, Dr Vannevar Bush, James Forrestal, Gordon Gray, Vice Admiral Roscoe Hillenkoetter, Dr Jerome Hunsaker, Dr Donald Menzel, General Robert Montague, Rear Admiral Sidney Souers, General Nathan Twining and General Hoyt Vandenberg. James Forrestal had a mental breakdown and committed suicide in 1949 and was replaced by General Walter Smith. MJ-12 (also known as Majic-12, Majority-12, Majesty-12) is allegedly a Top Secret research and development/intelligence operation set up by and answerable to the US President. All thirteen members had died by the time the briefing document was publicised, so none of the details could be checked out. What could be verified was the document's authenticity, and when it was found that the signature on the briefing document was identical in ratio to a 1947 memo from President Truman to Vannevar Bush and the briefing document was proved to be a fake. However the MJ-12 controversy still rumbled on with people saying that although the document has been proved to be a piece of DISINFORMATION, parts of it must therefore be true. The document touched upon the ROSWELL CASE, as well as PROJECTS SIGN, GRUDGE and BLUE BOOK and KENNETH ARNOLD's sighting of nine flying saucers, all of which have been proved to be true by UFO researchers. Ufologists were split as to whether there _ever_was_ a Majestic 12. When ROBERT LAZAR revealed that his work was classified as MAJESTIC, it added weight to the opinion that there may have indeed been such an organisation. Opinions differ as to what MJ-12 could be if it exists, some say it was a simple committee that evaluated the UFO reports that were siphoned out of PROJECT BLUE BOOK, while others say that they are running the CIA, FBI, the world's drugs market and are planning to take over the world and rule in partnership with the GREYS.
MOORE, WILLIAM Moore is an ex-teacher who chose to go into the writing profession in 1979 and was very involved in an investigation of the 1947 ROSWELL CASE. He worked with APRO for a while before accepting a place on the APRO board. He learnt about PAUL BENNEWITZ's claims from fellow board member Jim Lorenzen, but didn't take too great an interest in the case. Whilst he was on a promotional radio show tour promoting his new book "The Roswell Incident", he received phone calls, at two different radio stations, from a nearby Air Force Base sergeant who wanted to meet him. When the first call came, he was too busy, but after the second call, they arranged a meeting and there he met RICHARD DOTY. Doty told him that he (and nine other military people, all ten identified by names of birds) would tell him various "facts" of what the US government was up to in regard to UFOs if he spied on APRO and passed DISINFORMATION on to Paul Bennewitz. Moore complied and was exposed to various Top Secret documents about highly sensitive government projects, including PROJECTS SIGMA, REDLIGHT, AQUARIUS, GALILEO, POUNCE and SNOWBIRD. In return, Moore gave Bennewitz doctored documents given to him by Doty. Moore learnt that the US government had indeed worked with aliens in advancing US space technology, and that three EBEs had been kept in various Air Force Bases. In October 1988, Moore went public on the TV show "UFO Cover-Up...Live" with "FALCON" and "CONDOR" who would tell the same stories that they had told Moore. That show was considered to be the most farcical embarrassment ever broadcast due to the fact that the informant's revelations included declarations that the aliens liked Tibetian style music and strawberry ice cream. Moore was devastated, and in the 1989 MUFON annual conference, he confessed that he had passed on disinformation from Doty to Bennewitz in order to investigate deeper into the UFO riddle and revealed that he had spied on various personalties in ufology.
MUFON The Mutual UFO Network was established in 1969 and is the world's largest international UFO organisation. It publishes the monthly "MUFON UFO Journal"
NOCTURNAL LIGHT See HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
OESCHLER, ROBERT Bob Oeschler joined the US Air Force in 1968 in the American Forces Radio and Television service filming classified prototype weapons systems during the Vietnam War. When he returned to the US, he spent eighteen months at Wright-Patterson AFB before working for NASA, specializing in missions technical analysis as a prototype designer of control and mobile surveillance systems. He gets his information from his alleged contacts in the US Intelligence Community. A controversial character, his work in ufology seems to be OK, even though he has made the odd wild claim. He has claimed to have worked on a government project called "Cosmic Journey" which was an exhibition of the various US space missions and included a section on aliens. He claims that there was going to be a UFO in the exhibition along with a cryogenically preserved alien body. This project was then shelved indefinitely due to the 1988 US presidential election. Then, in October 1993, he gave a radio interview on BBC Radio One and claimed that he had observed a UFO from 200 feet in the Nevada desert and basically hijacked ROBERT LAZAR's story, claiming that everything Lazar heard and saw, he heard and saw too. In other words, whilst his UFO investigations work is very good (he did a very thorough and professional analysis of the GULF BREEZE photos with Bruce Maccabee), his claims of secret government projects are very suspect.
PARANET Paranet is a moderated forum founded by Jim Spieser in 1986 originally dedicated to the paranormal as well as UFOs, although the UFO side grabbed the most attention. Originally distributed as a newsletter via E-mail, it now consists of a set of newsgroups on Usenet. It was the first organisation that spread news of the ROBERT LAZAR story around the world and was also the forum in which MILTON WILLIAM COOPER made his debut and his reputation as a person not to be trusted.
RADAR-VISUALS See HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
ROSWELL CASE In July 1947 a flying saucer crashed near Corona, New Mexico during a violent night-time thunderstorm. The next morning, Mac Brazel found some wreckage on his ranch spread over about half a mile which neither he nor his family could identify. Three days later he took some wreckage to show to the local sheriff, George Wilcox, who in turn contacted Roswell Air Army Field and told Major Jesse Marcel of the situation. He inspected the wreckage that Mac Brazel had brought with him to the sheriffs office and then reported to his commanding officer, William Blanchard. He ordered Marcel to get someone (Sheridan Cavitt) from counter intelligence to collect as much wreckage from Brazels ranch as they could onto their two vehicles, the wreckage was then collected and flown to Washington, via Fort Worth. The next day, Marcel and Cavitt returned to Brazels ranch to collect more wreckage to take back to Roswell AAF. Cavitt went straight there whereas Marcel stopped on the way to show his family some of the wreckage, in particular, a small piece of tin-foil like material which would bend and be folded quite happily, but would continually fold back out into shape leaving no crease whatsoever. There was also a piece of very light plastic like material, except it wasn't plastic. It was like a wooden dowel and was a couple of inches long. It would bend slightly, but you couldn't scratch, cut, burn or melt it. Meanwhile, Lydia Sleppy at Roswell Radio station KSWS was transmitting a story about the crashed saucer over the teletype when transmission was interrupted by someone claiming to represent the FBI. The Army initially released a story to the press saying that they had captured a flying saucer, but then quickly put out another story saying they hadn't got a saucer, just a weather balloon. It was _not_ a weather balloon. Mac Brazel was placed under house arrest for a week whilst his ranch was combed for more debris, and it was then when the main saucer body was found, complete with four aliens, two dead, one seriously injured and another attending to it which seemed to be unharmed. Mac Brazel was then told that he shouldn't tell anybody about what he had found. He was rumoured to have been bribed with a freezer (very expensive at that time).
S-4 There are three S-4s in the Nevada Test Site (home of AREA 51). One is a nuclear reactor, one is an area just south of the Tonopah test range, and one called Papoose Dry Lake Bed, ten miles south of Area 51. It is the latter area that ROBERT LAZAR claims to have worked in.
SAGAN, CARL An American who brought science to the public. He is also a major UFO skeptic believing that no UFO can cross light years of distance due to the large amount of fuel and time needed. This theory assumes that the only method of travel is linear and that the maximum speed of any vehicle must be the speed of light. ROBERT LAZAR has since claimed that an alternative method of travel using gravity waves is what is being used to drive the UFOs.
SETI The Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence. This is a US government-funded project that monitors electromagnetic wave emissions from space. These emissions, it is claimed, will be the communications between various UFOs that "leak" out, just like TV pictures from a transmitter are able to be picked up from space (in theory). If they detect any abnormal emissions, they will investigate them further to try and find out where they originate from. UFO researchers are very skeptical of this project, saying it is just a front put up to try and publicly "prove" that UFOs don't exist since they don't expect to find any emissions that cannot be identified. According to an article by Dr. Pierre Guerin in "FLYING SAUCER REVIEW", the government already _knows_ that aliens exist and that they are cooperating with them and that they know that the aliens _don't_ use electromagnetic waves at all. It would be similar to trying to detect Indian smoke signals using a radio receiver. The SETI project was given the order to close down by US Congress in October 1993 due to budget cuts. It wasn't a success.
SVP RATING See VALLEE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
UFO Abbreviation for "Unidentified Flying Object". The USAF defines a UFO as: Anything that relates to any airborne object which by performance, aerodynamic characteristics, or unusual features does not conform to any presently known aircraft or missile type, or which cannot be identified as a familiar object. (USAF Regulation 200-2)
"UFO TIMES" BUFORA journal that contains many recent case reports from Britain and also has a section on European reports from Eurofon News. I recommend the magazine very highly, I would even go as far to say that it is the FLYING SAUCER REVIEW of the 1990s.
UFOLOGY The study of the UFO phenomena.
VALLEE, JACQUES French astrophysicist and UFOlogist who believes that UFOs come from both a physical and psychic origin and that some characters in folklore, like elves, could have originated from aliens. He reshaped the UFO rating system by expanding upon the HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM.
VALLEE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM A system used to categorize the various types of UFO and paranormal experiences invented by Dr Jacques Vallee and is now used more often instead of the HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM since it gives the reader a more detailed summary of a case. The categories are as follows...
VIMANAS Flying devices are commonplace in many religions, and Hinduism is no exception. According to ancient Sanskrit texts found a few years ago by Westerners in a South Indian temple, Vimanas were open topped flying devices, not strictly UFOs since they were restricted to the Earth's atmosphere. Dr Roberto Pinotti is an Italian scientist, and on the 12th of October 1988 was a speaker in the World Space Conference in Bangalore, India. He referred to several Hindu texts and pointed out that Indian gods and heroes fought in the skies using piloted vehicles armed with weapons. These weapons consisted of seven different types of mirrors and lenses which were used for offensive and defensive purposes. The "Pinjula Mirror" offered a form of "visual shield" preventing the pilots from "evil rays", and the weapon named "Marika" was used to shoot enemy aircraft. Dr Pinotti said that these weapons "do not seem to be too different from what we today call laser technology." The vehicles themselves were made of special heat absorbing metals, called "Somaka, Soundalike and Mourthwika". According to Dr Pinotti, the "principles of propulsion as far as the descriptions were concerned, might be defined as electrical and chemical, but solar energy was involved as well." Other scientists have put forward the theory that the craft were driven by some sort of mercury ion propulsion system. Dr Pinotti concluded that the fact that Vimanas were written about hundreds, perhaps even thousands, of years ago, plus that they resembled modern UFOs would suggest that India had a "...superior but forgotten civilisation. In the light of this, we think it will be better to examine the Hindu texts and subject the descriptive models of Vimanas to more scientific scrutiny." "So where does the ET connection come in?" you're asking me. Well, since the texts were written hundreds or even thousands of years ago, we can safely assume that no human civilization could produce _any_ flying machines, but these Vimanas _did_ exist, along with a mercury ion propulsion system and a form of laser technology, so where could they get the ideas for these devices from? Enter some ET influences and you're away. But that leads us to the question of "where did all this new technology go?" We don't know, but since the texts exist and the properties of the Vimanas have been proved to be possible by scientists, we know that they did exist.
TRAVIS WALTON ABDUCTION CASE In November 1975, a group of six tree-trimmers were driving home from work in a truck in the Sitgreave-Apache National Forest in Arizona, USA. The driver stopped the truck when he noticed that a flying saucer was hovering about fifteen feet above some nearby trees. Travis Walton approached the craft on foot, despite the objections of his workmates. He was then knocked to the ground by a blue and white light. When the men in the truck saw this, they were terrified and sped off down the road leaving him for dead. Once they had calmed down, they returned to that spot and couldn't find any sign of Travis or the flying saucer. Five days later, Travis was returned to earth wondering what had happened to him for the past few days. He found out by undergoing HYPNOTIC REGRESSION, the same technique that was used in the HILL ABDUCTION CASE. This is what the regression revealed: When he came to after being knocked out by the blue and white light, he was lying on his back on a table in what he thought was a hospital. It was _not_ a hospital, a fact that was brought home to him when he focused on three figures standing around him. These were aliens, Travis described them as looking like 5-foot fetuses with mushroom-white skin and they wore tight-fitting, tan-brown robes. On seeing this, Travis got _very_ scared and tried to attack them, but they just backed off into another room, leaving Travis alone, so he started to walk around. He walked into a separate room and saw a large backed chair in the center of it with a few buttons on one arm of the chair and a lever on the other. He played about with those and the ship responded to some of his actions. A more human-looking alien wearing a helmet then walked in and took him for a guided tour of the ship, ignoring any questions that Travis asked him. They then walked into a hangar containing three other saucers and was met by three other human-like aliens, two men and a woman. Travis was then put onto a table and a mask was put over his face. The next thing he remembered he was waking up on a pavement in a village a few miles away from his home watching the saucer move off silently.
ZETA RETICULI A binary star system that is roughly 37 light years away from Earth. The aliens that abducted Betty and Barney Hill (see HILL ABDUCTION CASE) were calculated to come from a planet in this system, and ROBERT LAZAR claimed that the nine UFOs he saw in S-4 came from one of the planets in the Zeta Reticuli star system.
ADAMSKI, GEORGE TAOTUFO, p120. AREA 51 AL, pp130-186; RUT:bob.lazar.Z; PARANET. ARNOLD, KENNETH ATS, Chap. 11, Footnote 1. BENNEWITZ, PAUL AL, pp37-38; RUT:ebe.txt.Z. CASH/LANDRUM CASE TAOTUFO, pp153-164; ATS, pp296-298. CATTLE MUTILATIONS AL, pp21-55; AU, pp189-201. COOPER, MILTON WILLIAM PARANET; RUT:bill.cooper.*, /don.allen/bill.cooper.*. DARK SIDE HYPOTHESIS RUT:ebe.txt.Z. DOTY, RICHARD RUT:ebe.txt.Z; AL, pp104-122. ET EXPOSURE LAW RUT:e.t.-law.txt.Z. FOIA RUT:foia.Z. FOO FIGHTERS ATS, pp18-20. GHOST ROCKETS ATS, pp20-24. GULF BREEZE SIGHTINGS "UFOs : The Gulf Breeze Sightings" by Ed and Francis Walters, the book tells the whole story and has all forty-odd photos in colour. You can also download seven of the photos from the phoenix.oulu.fi FTP site, look for the ed* and gbreez* filenames. HILL ABDUCTION CASE TAOTUFO, pp164-176. HYNEK CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM RUT:a.a.v.-faq.Z. LAZAR, ROBERT SCOTT AL, pp130-186; PARANET; RUT:bob.lazar.Z. LEAR, JOHN RUT:ebe.txt.Z. MAJESTIC AL, pp150-152. MEN IN BLACK RUT:a.a.v.-faq.Z; men-in-black.Z. MJ-12 RUT:ebe.txt.Z; ATS, pp250-253, briefing document ATS, pp540-547. MOORE, WILLIAM RUT:ebe.txt.Z. OESCHLER, ROBERT AL, pp187-211; BBC interview transcript available from the author at email@example.com, but I may be able to persuade Charles to upload it to rutgers! PROJECT... AQUARIUS "The MJ-12 Affair: Facts, Questions, Comments", Robert Hastings, "MUFON UFO Journal", No. 254, June 1989; "Just Cause", No.13 September 1987; AL, pp109-110, pp115-116. BLUE BOOK TAOTUFO, pp57-59. GALILEO AL, p182. GRUDGE TAOTUFO, p56. POUNCE AL, p110. SIGMA AL, pp109-111. SIGN TAOTUFO pp55-56. SNOWBIRD AL, pp127-128. TWINKLE TAOTUFO, pp57-58. ROSWELL CASE ATS, pp246-250; AL, pp83-92; RUT:roswell-crash.txt.Z; TAOTUFO, pp48-51. S-4 RUT:bob.lazar.Z. SETI "The Gigantic 'Con'", Gordon Creighton, "Flying Saucer Review", Vol. 37, No. 4, p4; "SETI : A Manipulation?", Pierre Guerin, "Flying Saucer Review", Vol. 38, No. 1, pp17-20. TRAVIS WALTON ABDUCTION CASE AL, pp68-71. VALLEE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM RUT:micap-vallee-ufo-classification-system.Z. VIMANAS "The Hindu" (Bangalore), 12th October 1988; PARANET BBS:101288IA.UFO. Key --- ATS - "Above Top Secret", Timothy Good, 1989 paperback edition, published by Grafton, ISBN 0-586-20361-3. AL - "Alien Liaison", Timothy Good, 1992 paperback edition, published by Arrow Books Ltd., ISBN 0-09-985920-3. AU - "Alien Update", edited by Timothy Good, 1993 paperback edition, published by Arrow Books Ltd., ISBN 0-09-925761-0. TAOTUFO - "The Age Of The UFO", edited by Peter Brookesmith, 1992 hardback edition, published by Orbis Publishing Ltd., ISBN 0-7481-0311-2. RUT - ftp.rutgers.edu FTP site in the /pub/ufo directory. PARANET - Paranet archives.
The information in this Guide was collected from the following sources:
Paranet Archives; ** "The Age of the UFO" edited by Peter Brookesmith; Usenet archives; ** "Above Top Secret", "Alien Liaison" by Timothy Good; ** "The UFO Report 1991", ** "The UFO Report 1992", "Alien Update" edited by Timothy Good; "The Worlds Greatest UFO Mysteries" by Roger Boar & Nigel Blundell; "UFOs in the 1980's" by Jerry Clark. ** "UFO: The Gulf Breeze Sightings" by Ed & Frances Walters.
I highly recommend that you read the starred books, especially "Above Top Secret" and "UFOs : The Gulf Breeze Sightings", "ATS" because of it's thorough investigation into the worldwide UFO cover-up and it's use of documents released under the US Freedom of Information act, and "UFOS : TGBS" because it is a very believable first-hand account of Ed and Frances Walters' close encounters of 1987/8 and it also includes all 40 photos that they had taken during that period.
For more information:
FTP to the following sites and you'll be able to download more information and various pictures. Be warned : There is a lot of rubbish on these sites as well as some reliable stuff, you'll just have to sort the chaff from the wheat.
This site contains seven of the 40 Gulf Breeze photos which are well worth looking at.
Famous for its large archive of Paranet articles and a collection of photos taken on the boundary of Area 51.
There are also a few UFO related newsgroups on Usenet, they are alt.alien.visitors and the alt.paranet.* groups. The above warning also applies to these newsgroups, but Paranet is usually a very reliable source for information.
Nick Humphries, December 1993.
1. Scream. Honestly! This will attract the people around you who will wonder what you're screaming about. You then point out the UFO to them and you instantly gain a few back-up witnesses to the sighting. Sightings which have only one witness carries very little weight, but one reported by two independent witnesses adds a lot of credibility to a UFO sighting.
2. If you have a camera, try and take a few pictures. The best photos of UFOs have background and foreground details in the shot, try not to just photograph it in the sky. This enables the investigator to give a better estimate of the size of the UFO.
3. Write down what you saw as soon as possible. Draw a sketch of it and show where any lights were positioned on the craft. Also describe the path it flew.
4. If the UFO landed on the ground or even just scraped it for a seconds, try and stop anybody from getting near the area. If you have a camera, photograph the area.
5. REPORT the sighting AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. This allows the UFO investigator to interview the witnesses whilst the memory of the event is still fresh.
If the sighting was in the UK, write to the BUFORA Director Of investigations at :
B.M. BUFORA, London, WC1N 3XX.
If you live in the US, you can contact CUFOS at :
The J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies, 2457 W. Peterson Avenue, Chicago, IL 60659 or call (312) 271-3611. Or you can contact MUFON at : Mutual UFO Network, Inc., 103 Oldtowne Road, Seguin, Texas 78155-4099 or call (512) 379-9216.
For a full list of UFO organisations, download a.a.v.-faq.Z from ftp.rutgers.edu.
OK, you've read the Guide, now what? Read other books, do a little research of your own. There's a lot of books on UFOs with quite different views as to what UFOs are and why aliens are here. Read up on these ideas and hypotheses and decide for yourself which one is the most appropriate or realistic. I deliberately missed out the various hypotheses from the Guide, I believe that the reader ought to decide for his/herself what is really going on. There are also so many different hypotheses that I don't think that I would do them any justice. Personally, I believe in the extra-terrestrial hypothesis as to the origin of aliens, mainly because that is the most understandable and what I think is the most realistic scenario there is at this time.
One more thing : If any of the stories that you read in this Guide or in any other book disturbs you, read or watch some comedy science-fiction. I recommend Douglas Adams' "Hitchhiker's Guide To the Galaxy" trilogy and "Red Dwarf". They put things into perspective a little and help you see the lighter side of them!
Nick Humphries, December 1993.
Many thanks for all the feedback from the First Edition of the Guide. Unfortunately I missed a few messages because my site went down for three days a couple of hours after I uploaded it, hopefully that won't happen again since that's the way conspiracy theories get created! Now to contradict what I said in the First Last Word. In the next edition I want to include the various hypotheses about where UFOs come from. I'm not talking about conspiracy theories, I think I've covered that properly already, theories like the Interdimensional Hypothesis, the Ultradimensional Hypothesis too, and the Hollow Earth Theory will also get a look in. If anyone wants to send me any details about any hypothesis via E-Mail, please do! If you think this edition of The UFO Guide is good, the next one will be even better! Nick Humphries, February 1994.
This UFO Guide is copyright of Nick Humphries 1994 and no part of it will be republished in whole or in part without the consent of the author unless it is done so for review purposes only. So there. Feel free to upload it in full to any bulletin boards or FTP sites without charging a fee of more than duplication costs.
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