2006: 1491 The Truth About the Americas Before Columbus

by Ben Dangl June 19, 2006 Upside Down World In many high school history classes students are told that before Columbus arrived the Americas were full of untamed wilderness loosely populated with savage Indians. Charles Mann’s book, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus proves that the opposite is true. He draws from recent archeological and scientific discoveries to describe booming civilizations which thrived throughout the Americas centuries before the arrival of Europeans. Like Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States, this book made me want to call up my old history teachers and tell them they were very wrong. In fact, Mann’s self-described thesis is to show that indigenous societies before the arrival of Columbus deserve more than a few misleading pages in a textbook. Mann was able to hold my attention not just with the details of complex indigenous societies, but also with controversies, adventures, and divisions among the scientists and archeologists which […] Read More

2011: Mexico acknowledges 2nd Mayan reference to 2012

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/9964074 MARK STEVENSON Associated Press= MEXICO CITY (AP) — Mexico’s archaeology institute downplays theories that the ancient Mayas predicted some sort of apocalypse would occur in 2012, but on Thursday it acknowledged that a second reference to the date exists on a carved fragment found at a southern Mexico ruin site. Most experts had cited only one surviving reference to the date in Mayan glyphs, a stone tablet from the Tortuguero site in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco. But the National Institute of Anthropology and History said in a statement that there is, in fact, another apparent reference to the date at the nearby Comalcalco ruin. The inscription is on the carved or molded face of a brick. Comalcalco is unusual among Mayan temples in that it was constructed of bricks. Arturo Mendez, a spokesman for the institute, said the fragment of inscription had been discovered years ago […] Read More

2012: Artifacts in Guatemala point to an advanced civilization in place 2,500 years ago, earlier than had been believed.

By Thomas H. Maugh II Times Staff Writer Archeologists excavating a 2,500-year-old Maya city in Guatemala have unearthed buildings and massive carvings indicating the presence of a royal metropolis of more than 10,000 people at a time when scientists had previously believed, the Maya were only simple farmers. New studies at the Cival site in the Peten jungle have unearthed the oldest known carved portrait of a Maya king and two massive stone masks of the Maya maize deity, discoveries indicating that the Maya developed a complex and sophisticated civilization hundreds of years earlier than previously believed. The city of towering pyramids and sweeping plazas is yielding other surprising artifacts, including jade and ceramic offerings to the gods that may mark the beginnings of the Maya dynasties, Vanderbilt University archeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli said Tuesday during a National Geographic Society telephone news conference from Washington. Estrada-Belli “is pushing back the […] Read More

2012: Human Footprints Dating Back up to 25,000 Years Found in Mexico

MEXICO CITY – National Anthropology and History Institute, or INAH, specialists have discovered five human footprints in northern Mexico’s Sierra Tarahumara that could be between 4,500 and 23,000 years old, officials said. The find took place in the northern state of Chihuahua after a local resident notified the authorities about the imprints, which were probably left by some of the first humans to populate that region of northern Mexico. INAH said in a communique that these are “the first human footprints to be found” in Chihuahua and that if their antiquity is verified, “they will be added to the few footprints left by the earliest inhabitants of the American continent that are preserved in Mexico.” To date in Mexico, footprints have been found in the municipality of Cuatro Cienegas in Coahuila state and on a ranch in the state of Sonora. Two of the footprints correspond to the two […] Read More

2012: Mayan End of World Prediction Explored in Film

In recent years, the idea that the world will end on December 21, 2012, has gained attention and spawned thousands of web sites, blogs, books, and even a Hollywood movie. Although scientists generally dismiss the idea, curators of the Museum of Natural Science in Houston decided to use the prediction as a hook to draw visitors into the world of the ancient Maya. They do it through a planetarium film and an exhibit being prepared for next year – just in time, some might say, for the end of everything. The film shown on the museum’s huge planetarium screen examines myths and rituals of the ancient Maya in southern Mexico and Central America. It focuses on the Maya calendar, or long count, which was divided into baktuns of 144,000 days each. From the film: “All Maya kept the same ritual, solar and long count calendars, using them to describe […] Read More

2012: Mysterious ruins may help explain Mayan collapse

Hidden in the hilly jungle, the ancient site of Kiuic (KIE-yuk) was one of the dozens of ancient Maya centers abandoned in the Puuc region of Mexico’s Yucatan about 10 centuries ago. The latest discoveries from the site may capture the moment of departure. “The people just walked away and left everything in place,” says archaeologist George Bey of Millsaps College in Jackson Miss., co-director of the Labna-Kiuic Regional Archaeological Project. “Until now, we had little evidence from the actual moment of abandonment, it’s a frozen moment in time.” The ancient, or “classic” Maya were part of a Central American civilization best known for stepped pyramids, beautiful carvings and murals and the widespread abandonment of cities around 900 A.D. in southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and El Salvador. They headed for the northern Yucatan, where Spanish conquistadors met their descendants in the 1500s (6 million modern Maya still live in […] Read More

2012: The Next Nine Years

 The Mayan calendar is NOT an instrument for tracking the procession of time as previously thought but as a meter and measure of the evolution of human consciousness.  The Next Nine Years   A thought-provoking analysis of the Mayan Calendar according to Ian Lungold Carl J. Calleman Ph.D. is a biochemical scientist from Sweden. For 30 years he has worked in labs performing microbiology experiments. Most of his work was investigating how pollution causes disease to proliferate. Eight years ago he trained his attention on the Mayan calendar to see what correlations or sets of facts could be proven not just “studied” as the archeologists have done. What he uncovered with his newfound “hobby” is quickly changing the world and the way we live with it. Dr. Calleman has scientifically proven the Schedule of Creation and Evolution over the last 16.4 billion years (from the Big Bang forward). Dr. Calleman […] Read More

2012: Votan: Diffusionist Deity

Gary A. David Confusionism In the Ivory Tower Cultural diffusionism continues to be anathema to academia. Put simply, diffusionism proposes that ancient people got around on foot or by boat a lot more than commonly assumed — around the world, in fact. This theory posits that a free flow of trade goods and cultural motifs existed globally, perhaps as early as the Neolithic period. During the 20th century anthropologists and archaeologists, many of them tenured or supported by universities had suggested that the diffusionist theory, which prevailed in the last part of the previous century, is inherently racist. The theory, they said, implies that Caucasians had bestowed the benefits of civilization on the “darker” races in order to bring them toward the light. Proposing an alternative isolationist theory, this Columbus-was-first crowd described a scenario of scattered, provincial tribes of Native Americans going it alone the best way they could […] Read More