2012: Strange Clay Statues, 1500 Years Old, Puzzle Archaeologists

by Dan Eden One of the best books I have ever read (although I didn’t realize it at the time) was The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas Kuhn. The main revelation of this book was that science, rather than evolving from one discovery to the next with smooth, logical and empirical purity, is subject to an evil called a “paradigm.” Kuhn’s “paradigm” is the adherence of science to a particular idea, often even in the face of conflicting evidence, resulting from a grand discovery. As time progresses and additional knowledge is gathered, there occasionally appear to be facts that contradict the prevailing belief and these unexplained facts are usually censored or suppressed. Eventually, however, a new theory will come along that allows for both the accepted findings and the previously “unexplained” and, when this happens, the new belief system is reluctantly accepted and becomes the next dogmatic paradigm. […] Read More

2012: Puma Punku at Tiwanaku, Ancient Ruins in Bolivia

Puma Punku, or the “Puma Gate”, is part of a massive, ancient complex by the shores of Lake Titicaca, in Bolivia, called Tiwanaku (or Tiahuanaco). When asked if the Incas were the builders of this sacred site, the locals laugh and assure us that Puma Punku and Tiwanaku are much, much older. Astronomical calculations, geologic strata, and the legends themselves date this culture to around 15,000 BC, shattering the orthodox views held by both science and religion. Could Puma Punku and those who built it be re-writing history–not in ink or binary code–but in massive blocks of ageless stone? Puma Punku was once a harbor for the people who lived in Tiwanaku. Thousands of years ago, the land-locked salt-water sea we call Lake Titicaca had more volume and a higher shore-line than we see today. Its waters stretched all the way to Puma Punku, a rectangular harbor made from […] Read More

2012: Pedra da Gavea

By Luiza Becari, Viewzone Brazil High atop a coastal mountain, this huge and largely unknown carving of an ancient face reminds explorers of the Sphinx in Egypt. Mysterious inscriptions give clues in an extinct language. Could this be a link to our forgotten past? Between São Conrado and Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, a legendary mountain with the face of an ancient giant rises 842 meters above the sea level. When Brazil was discovered, Portuguese explorers gave the rock the name of Gávea, because it was a perfect observatory for in-coming Caravels (the ships used by them to cross the ocean and get to the American continent). But Pedra da Gávea, an enormous rock surrounded by native, exuberant vegetation, has enticed the minds of both the public and historians over the centuries. Its face looks like a carved figure, and there are ancient inscriptions on one of its […] Read More

2002: Doorway to The Universe

The doorway is indeed located where the story indicates. And while this is a remote region, it is not so remote that people don’t live nearby. Reading the story you are led to believe the location is quite well hidden. This is not entirely true. It is only a short walk from the highway that continues on to the Peru – Bolivia border. Those living nearby farm the fields right in front of the doorway and throughout the area. They in the area are a closed group that does not welcome outsiders and keep to themselves, never giving the (now) frequent visitors any trouble. They simply watch as you explore the surrounding area and examine the cliff face where the door is located. They have known of this place for a very long time. The doorway isn’t large as one can see by the picture. It is actually shorter […] Read More

2012: Ancient Amazon civilization laid bare by felled forest

Uncovering civilization Signs of what could be a previously unknown ancient civilization are emerging from beneath the felled trees of the Amazon. Some 260 giant avenues, ditches and enclosures have been spotted from the air in a region straddling Brazil’s border with Bolivia. The traditional view is that before the arrival of the Spanish and Portuguese in the 15th century there were no complex societies in the Amazon basin – in contrast to the Andes further west where the Incas built their cities. Now deforestation increased air travel, and satellite imagery are telling a different story. “It’s never-ending,” says Denise Schaan of the Federal University of Pará in Belém, Brazil, who made many of the new discoveries from planes or by examining Google Earth images. “Every week we find new structures.” Some of them are square or rectangular, while others form concentric circles or complex geometric figures such as […] Read More