2000: Alchemical Catechism

A SHORT CATECHISM OF ALCHEMY Q. What is the chief study of a Philosopher? A. It is the investigation of the operations of Nature. Q. What is the end of Nature? A. God, Who is also its beginning. Q. Whence are all things derived? A. From one and indivisible Nature. Q. Into how many regions is Nature separated? A. Into four palmary regions. Q. Which are they? A. The dry, the moist, the warm, and the cold, which are the four elementary qualities, whence all things originate. Q. How is Nature differentiated? A. Into male and female. Q. To what may we compare Nature? A. To Mercury. Q. Give a concise definition of Nature. A. It is not visible, though it operates visibly; for it is simply a volatile spirit, fulfilling its office in bodies, and animated by the universal spirit-the divine breath, the central and universal fire, which […] Read More

1321: An hundred aphorisms containing the whole body of magic

This text has been transcribed by Adam McLean from the second section of Ms. Sloane 1321. An anonymous treatise upon Magnetical Physic, divided into three parts; containing:- 1. Twelve conclusions upon the Nature of the Soul. f.2-13. 2. ‘An hundred Aphorismes conteyning the whole body of Naturall magick, being the Key to open that which goeth before and which followeth after.’ ff.14-19. 3. ‘Of things necessary in a Physitian before he undertake this part of Magnetical Physicks.’ ff.20-40. [The English has been modernised.] 1. The whole world is animated with the first supreme and intellectual Soul possessing in itself the seminary reasons of all things, which proceeding from the brightness of the ideas of the first Intellect are as it were the instrument by which this great body is governed and are the links of the golden chain of providence. 2. While the operations of the Soul are terminated […] Read More

2000?: Alchemy in Islamic Times

These pages are edited by Prof. Hamed Abdel-reheem Ead Professor of Chemistry at Faculty of Science-University of Cairo Giza-Egypt and director of Science Heritage Center E-mail: profhamedead@yahoo.com Web site: http://www.frcu.eun.eg/www/universities/html/shc/index.htm INTRODUCTION On 8 June, A.D. 632, the Prophet Mohammed (Peace and Prayers be upon Him) died, having accomplished the marvelous task of uniting the tribes of Arabia into a homogeneous and powerful nation. In the interval, Persia, Asia Minor, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, the whole North Africa, Gibraltar and Spain had been submitted to the Islamic State, and a new civilization had been established. The Arabs quickly assimilated the culture and knowledge of the peoples they ruled, while the latter in turn-Persians, Syrians, Copts, Berbers, and others-adopted the Arabic language. The nationality of the Muslim thus became submerged, and the term Arab acquired a linguistic sense rather than a strictly ethnological one. As soon as Islamic State had been established, […] Read More

1687: 153 Chymical Aphorisms

  These 153 alchemical aphorisms were published, together with the 157 alchemical canons, in Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont, One hundred fifty three chymical aphorisms. Briefly containing whatsoever belongs to the chymical science. Done by the labour and study of Eremita Suburbanus. Printed in Latin at Amsterdam, Octob. 1687. To which are added, some other phylosophick canons or rules pertaining to the Hermetick science. Made English and published for the sake of the sedulous labourers in true chymistry… by Chr. Packe. London: for the author, sold by W. Cooper. 1688. To all the Lovers of the CHYMICAL ART. Gentlemen, About a Month since, I received among some other things, those 153 Chymical Aphorisms, from Amsterdam, where they had been newly printed in Latin, for which end they had been lately transmitted from Vienna, as appears by the Author’s Epistle to his Friend. When I had perused and well weigher them, […] Read More

1377: Alchemy in Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah

Edited and prepared by Prof. Hamed A. Ead, Cairo University, Giza (During the DAAD fellowship hosted by Heidelberg University, July-October 1998)   Abd al-Rahman Ibn Mohammad Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis in 732 A.H. (1332 C.E.) to an upper-class family that had migrated from Seville in Muslim Spain. His ancestors were Yemenite Arabs who settled in Spain in the very beginning of Muslim rule in the eighth century, but after the fall of Seville, had migrated to Tunisia. He received his early education and where, still in his teens, he entered the service of the Egyptian ruler Sultan Barquq. His thirst for advanced knowledge and a better academic setting soon made him leave this service and migrate to Fez. During his formative years, Ibn Khaldun experienced his family’s active participation in the intellectual life of the city, and to a lesser degree, its political life. This was followed by […] Read More

1988: Has The Philosopher’s Stone Been Found?

SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND MODERN ALCHEMY In March of 1988, David Hudson filed U.S. and worldwide patents on eleven orbitally rearranged monatomic elements, ORMES, which he discovered in a form not previously recognized. This is a totally new form of matter, the confirmation of which will be presented by Mr. Hudson with scientific references and data compiled by some of the most acclaimed research laboratories in the world. David Hudson is a fourth generation Arizona farmer who became interested in extracting gold and silver from the tailings of old mining sites near his 675-acre farm. When he began the recovery process he soon discovered that gold and silver were being lost because of the buildup of a powdery substance referred to as “ghost gold” by many miners and metallurgists. Hudson’s curiosity led him to work with spectroscopists at Cornell University and other labs to discover the elemental ingredients of this powder. […] Read More

1650: Coelum Terrae Or The Magician’s Heavenly Chaos

Thomas Vaughan – Coelum Terrae This work was originally published under Vaughan’s pseudonym ‘Eugenius Philalethes’ as Magia Adamica: or the antiquitie of magic, and the descent thereof from Adam downwards, proved. Whereunto is added a… full discoverie of the true coelum terr�… By Eugenius Philalethes. London: T.W. for H.B, 1650. The text below is taken from A.E. Waite‘s edition. COELUM TERRAE Or The Magician’s Heavenly Chaos. By Thomas Vaughan. I have now, Reader, performed my promise and — according to my posse — proved the antiquity of magic. I am not so much a fool as to expect a general subscription to my endeavours. Every man’s placet is not the same with mine; but “the die is cast”. I have done this much, and he that will overthrow it must know, in the first place, it is his task to do more. There is just one point I can […] Read More

1597: Brief Commentary of Hortulanus the Philosopher, Upon the Smaragdine table of Hermes of Alchemy

(included in Roger Bacon, The mirror of alchimy, London 1597) The praier of Hortulanus. Laude, honour, power and glorie, be given to thee, O Almightie Lorde God, with thy beloved sonne, our Lord Iesus Christ, and the holy Ghost, the comforter. O holy Trinitie, that art the onely one God, perfect man, I give thee thankes that having the knowledge of the transitorie things of this worlde (least I should bee provoked with the pleasures thereof) of thy abundant mercie thou hast taken mee from it. But forsomuch as I have knowne manie deceived in this art, that have not gone the right way, let it please thee, O Lord my God, that by the knowledge which thou hast given me, I may bring my deare friends from error, that when they shal perceive the truth, they may praise thy holy and glorious name, which is blessed for ever. […] Read More

2000?: Arab Medical Schools during the 12th and 13th centuries

Edited by Prof. Maher Abd Al Kader M. Ali, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science, Faculty of Arts, Alexandria University, Egypt These pages are edited by Prof. Hamed Abdel-reheem Ead Professor of Chemistry at Faculty of Science-University of Cairo Giza-Egypt and director of Science Heritage Center E-mail: profhamedead@yahoo.com Web site: http://www.frcu.eun.eg/www/universities/html/shc/index.htm -I- The status of Medicine in the Islamic World The Scientific movement in the early Islamic centuries has various aspects. One of them is the contribution of the early Arab Scientists, which took different forms, their role in scientific progress, the theories they have provided us with, and their methods and influence on the western world which started, as a result, viewing science in a new light during the middle ages. In fact it is not easy to divide the whole unity of science, and claim that this science belongs completely to the Greeks or the Arabs […] Read More