Long, long ago, the Creator, the Great Chief Above, made the world. Then he made the animals and the birds and gave them their names — Coyote, Grizzly Bear, Deer, Fox, Eagle, the four Wolf Brothers, Magpie, Bluejay, Hummingbird, and all the others. When he had finished his work, the Creator called the animal people to him. “I am going to leave you,” he said. “But I will come back. When I come again, I will make human beings. They will be in charge of you.”
The Great Chief returned to his home in the sky, and the animal people scattered to all parts of the world.
After twelve moons, the animal people gathered to meet the Creator as he had directed. Some of them had complaints. Bluejay, Meadowlark, and Coyote did not like their names. Each of them asked to be some other creature. “No,” said the Creator. “I have given you your names. There is no change. My word is law.
“Because you have tried to change my law, I will not make the human being this time. Because you have disobeyed me, you have soiled what I brought with me. I planned to change it into a human being. Instead, I will put it in water to be washed for many moons and many snows, until it is clean again.”
Then he took something from his right side and put it in the river. It swam, and the Creator named it Beaver. “Now I will give you another law,” said the Great Chief Above.
“The one of you who keeps strong and good will take Beaver from the water some day and make it into a human being. I will tell you now what to do. Divide Beaver into twelve parts. Take each part to a different place and breathe into it your own breath. Wake it up. It will be a human being with your breath. Give it half of your power and tell it what to do. Today I am giving my power to one of you. He will have it as long as he is good.” When the Creator had finished speaking, all the creatures started for their homes — all except Coyote. The Great Chief had a special word for Coyote.
“You are to be head of all the creatures, Coyote. You
are a power just like me now, and I will help you do your work.
Soon the creatures and all the other things I have made will
become bad. They will fight and will eat each other. It is your
duty to keep them as peaceful as you can. “When you have
finished your work, we will meet again, in this land toward
the east. If you have been good, if you tell the truth and obey
me, you can make the human being from Beaver. If you have done
wrong, someone else will make him.” Then the Creator went
It happened as the Creator had foretold. Everywhere the things
he had created did wrong. The mountains swallowed the creatures.
The winds blew them away. Coyote stopped the mountains, stopped
the winds, and rescued the creatures. One winter, after North
Wind had killed many people, Coyote made a law for him: “Hereafter
you can kill only those who make fun of you.”
Everywhere Coyote went, he made the world better for the animal
people and better for the human beings yet to be created. When
he had finished his work, he knew that it was time to meet the
Creator again. Coyote thought that he had been good, that he
would be the one to make the first human being. But he was mistaken.
He thought that he had as much power as the Creator. So he tried,
a second time, to change the laws of the Great Chief Above.
“Some other creature will make the human being,”
the Creator told Coyote. “I shall take you out into the
ocean and give you a place to stay for all time.” So Coyote
walked far out across the water to an island. There the Creator
stood waiting for him, beside the house he had made. Inside
the house on the west side stood a black suit of clothes. On
the other side hung a white suit. “Coyote, you are to wear
this black suit for six months,” said the Creator. “Then
the weather will be cold and dreary. Take off the black suit
and wear the white suit. Then there will be summer, and everything
will grow. I will give you my power not to grow old. You will
live here forever and forever.”
Coyote stayed there, out in the ocean, and the four Wolf brothers
took his place as the head of all the animal people. Youngest
Wolf Brother was strong and good and clever. Oldest Wolf Brother
was worthless. So the Creator gave Youngest Brother the power
to take Beaver from the water. One morning Oldest Wolf Brother
said to Youngest Brother, “I want you to kill Beaver. I
want his tooth for a knife.”
“Oh, no!” exclaimed Second and Third Brothers. “Beaver
is too strong for Youngest Brother.” But Youngest Wolf
said to his brothers, “Make four spears. For Oldest Brother,
make a spear with four forks. For me, make a spear with one
fork. Make a two-forked spear and a three-forked spear for yourselves.
I will try my best to get Beaver, so that we can kill him.”
All the animal persons had seen Beaver and his home. They knew
where he lived. They knew what a big creature he was. His family
of young beavers lived with him. The animal persons were afraid
that Youngest Wolf Brother would fail to capture Beaver and
would fail to make the human being. Second and Third Wolf Brothers
also were afraid. “I fear we will lose Youngest Brother,”
they said to each other. But they made the four spears he had
At dusk, the Wolf brothers tore down the dam at the beavers’
home, and all the little beavers ran out. About midnight, the
larger beavers ran out. They were so many, and they made so
much noise, that they sounded like thunder. Then Big Beaver
ran out, the one the Creator had put into the water to become
“Let’s quit!” said Oldest Wolf Brother, for he was
afraid. “Let’s not try to kill him.”
“No!” said Youngest Brother. “I will not stop.”
Oldest Wolf Brother fell down. Third Brother fell down. Second
Brother fell down. Lightning flashed. The beavers still sounded
like thunder. Youngest Brother took the four-forked spear and
tried to strike Big Beaver with it. It broke. He used the three-forked
spear. It broke. He used the two-forked spear. It broke. Then
he took his own one-forked spear. It did not break. It pierced
the skin of Big Beaver and stayed there. Out of the lake, down
the creek, and down Big River, Beaver swam, dragging Youngest
Brother after it.
Youngest Wolf called to his brothers, “You stay here.
If I do not return with Beaver in three days, you will know
that I am dead.” Three days later, all the animal persons
gathered on a level place at the foot of the mountain. Soon
they saw Youngest Brother coming. He had killed Beaver and was
carrying it. “You remember that the Creator told us to
cut it into twelve pieces,” said Youngest Brother to the
animal people. But he could divide it into only eleven pieces.
Then he gave directions. “Fox, you are a good runner.
Hummingbird and Horsefly, you can fly fast. Take this piece
of Beaver flesh over to that place and wake it up. Give it your
breath.” Youngest Brother gave other pieces to other animal
people and told them where to go. They took the liver to Clearwater
River, and it became the Nez Perce Indians. They took the heart
across the mountains, and it became the Methow Indians. Other
parts became the Spokane people, the Lake people, the Flathead
people. Each of the eleven pieces became a different tribe.
“There have to be twelve tribes,” said Youngest Brother.
“Maybe the Creator thinks that we should use the blood
for the last one. Take the blood across the Shining Mountains
and wake it up over there. It will become the Blackfeet. They
will always look for blood.”
When an animal person woke the piece of Beaver flesh and breathed
into it, he told the new human being what to do and what to
eat. “Here are roots,” and the animal people pointed
to camas and kouse and to bitterroot, “You will dig them,
cook them, and save them to eat in the winter.
“Here are the berries that will ripen in the summer. You will eat them and you will dry them for use in winter.” The animal people pointed to chokecherry trees, to serviceberry bushes, and to huckleberry bushes.
“There are salmon in all the rivers. You will cook them and eat them when they come up the streams. And you will dry them to eat in the winter.”
When all the tribes had been created, the animal people said to them “Some of you new people should go up Lake Chelan. Go up to the middle of the lake and look at the cliff beside the water. There you will see pictures on the rock. From the pictures you will learn how to make the things you will need.”
The Creator had painted the pictures there, with red paint. From the beginning until long after the white people came, the Indians went to Lake Chelan and looked at the paintings. They saw pictures of bows and arrows and of salmon traps. From the paintings of the Creator they knew how to make the things they needed for getting their food.