This author and group is unknown the original photos have been lost anybody with more info let us know
Revised August 14, 1999
HIS NAME MARKS AN EPOCH IN ELECTRICAL SCIENCE
TESLA EXPERIMENTING WITH ELECTRICITY IN 1899
AS A YOUNG MAN IN 1882
In 1882 he made the discovery that changed the world–harnessing the awesome power of Alternating Current.
In 1888 he obtained U.S. patents covering an entire system of polyphase AC that remains unchanged in principle today.
He promptly sold all of his patents to George Westinghouse, an acquisition that made the Westinghouse Company the giant it is today.
Westinghouse and Tesla were consummate friends, but after Westinghouse died in 1913, the company forgot about its chief benefactor and Tesla fell victim to hard times.
Tesla died January 7, 1943, alone, and all but forgotten, in a New York hotel room, paid for by a meager stipend provided by a foreign government.
Today, industries flourish and the world surges from the power his fertile mind created…and radios blare with news and music, their transmission made possible by his giant intellect…all telling us that TESLA WAS HERE.
Tesla is preceded in greatness only by Michael Faraday who in 1831 rocked the scientific world with his discovery that magnetism can produce electricity…if it is accompanied by motion. Faraday discovered the principle, but not how to make it power the world; Tesla alone accomplished this singular feat.
Tesla is the greatest inventor the world has ever forgotten. He is also the greatest inventor the Smithsonian has ‘swept under the carpet.’
I am John W. Wagner, teacher…and I have a story to tell you about my successive classes of Third Grade students whose efforts were thwarted by the Smithsonian Institution.
We need you to collaborate with us in our on-going campaign to secure Tesla’s proper place in history. As you continue reading our story you will learn how you can participate. You will also learn how we are circumventing the Smithsonian and correcting history.
REVERED BY STUDENTS
THIRD GRADERS’ EFFORTS CRUSHED BY THE SMITHSONIAN
These students learned the true story of electrical history…not the politically correct version taught by a trusting but brainwashed educational system. When we learned that Nikola Tesla was the underdog of electrical history and was ignored by the Smithsonian, we made him our class hero and immediately started a campaign to secure his proper place in history.
DECEPTION AT THE SMITHSONIAN
Its curator essentially credits Edison for our worldwide system of electricity. He also credits Marconi for the invention of radio. This is a deliberate assault on factual history and needs to be challenged.
WHO DO YOU BELIEVE?
We choose to believe the United States Patent Office and the U.S. Supreme Court over the much distorted history the Smithsonian publicizes.
Tesla holds over forty U.S. patents (circa 1888) covering our entire system of Polyphase Alternating Current (AC). These patents are so novel that nobody could ever challenge them in the courts.
The Direct Current (DC) system Edison used in his much touted Pearl Street generating station was invented by others before his time; he merely copied the work of others to promote his business enterprise…and the Smithsonian wants you to believe he was America’s ‘King of Electricity.’ There is simply no evidence to support this claim.
Lest you jump to the wrong conclusion, we are not criticizing Mr. Edison whose Menlo Park Laboratory workers were responsible for many practical inventions; we are criticizing only the groups promoting Mr. Edison’s name in the electrical power field.
INVENTION OF RADIO
The U.S. Supreme Court, in a landmark decision dated June 21, 1943, Case No. 369, overturned Marconi’s basic patent for the invention of radio because Tesla’s patent on the four-tuned circuit (below) predated Marconi’s patent. Marconi had simply copied Tesla’s work.
TESLA’S FIRST VIABLE RADIO CIRCUIT IN 1893 UPHELD BY THE SUPREME COURT
Tesla’s four-tuned circuits (two on the receiving side and two on the transmitting side, secured by U.S. patents #645,576 and #649,621) were the basis of the U.S. Supreme Court decision (Case #369 decided June 21, 1943) to overturn Marconi’s basic patent on the invention of radio.
Marconi merely demonstrated Tesla’s invention, but the gullible media and the greedy industry that followed perpetuate a myth that Marconi invented radio. Who do you believe has more credibility…the industries that promote their own businesses, or the U.S. Supreme Court?
Marconi’s two-tuned circuit system was the same as that advanced by Heinrich Hertz and was no more a viable system of radio than that advanced by Mahlon Loomis in 1872…long before Hertz or Tesla. In one of my LINK pages I tell the complete story in legal and technical terms. Any unbiased reader should arrive at the same conclusion.
After we learned the heart wrenching story of Tesla’s life, and realized what a great American he was, we wanted to tell the world about him…and we did. We wrote many letters to important people asking for their support.
A former student persuaded her father, an accomplished sculptor, to create a bust of Tesla for our class, but we had to pay for the materials.
A third grade requirement is to learn cursive handwriting, so our class work now had a purpose…WRITING LETTERS to raise money for our Tesla bust.
Here are pictures of Jessica and Cory, two super letter writers.
EVIDENCE OF MOTIVATION
This is a photogrph of the impeccably crafted letters we wrote to more than one hundred American corporation presidents and CEO’s. Many responded with generous checks to support our campaign. We even received a check from the president of Sony Corporation in Japan.
This is a photograph of our finished bust we offered to the Smithsonian. Dr. Bernard S. Finn, (Curator of the Division of Electricity and Modern Physics) refused us, claiming he had no use for it.
We could not understand why the Smithsonian would have no use for a $6,000 bust of such a great American and world-class scientist.
HONORED BY THE WORLD
Tesla is one of only two Americans to have a unit of electrical measurement named in his honor.
Names for units of electrical measurement are derived by using the names of scientists who made the greatest contributions in electrical science, forming perhaps the most elite group in the world.
Throughout the entire history of electrical science only fifteen men worldwide have received this honor. Tesla is one of these great men. (Edison is not.)
In addition, Tesla received fifteen honorary degrees from famous universities worldwide, including Yale and Columbia in the United States. He also received fourteen Awards of Merit from other world-class groups.
Dr. David L. Goodstein, Vice Provost and Professor of Physics at California Institute of Technology, calls Tesla one of the “Saints of Science” and equates him to Leonardo Da Vinci.
I urge you to continue reading our web site for a juicy story of how our country’s premier museum (The Smithsonian Institution) deceives the public by writing biased history…and their curator is doing this in consort with the History Committee of IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) at Rutgers University.
NOT ALL GUILTY
The majority of IEEE members are oblivious of the Smithsonian and the IEEE History Committee’s biased agenda. Nevertheless, everyone who does not speak out against their wrongful depiction of electrical history deserves having their children spoon-fed the popular corrupted version.
A TRIP TO THE SMITHSONIAN
When I visited the Smithsonian to learn why Dr. Finn had no use for our Tesla bust, the reason became indelibly clear.
Please remember, at this time I was still naive about the Smithsonian’s bias against Tesla; that is, until I saw……
YES, A BUST OF EDISON
Next to Edison’s bust I saw Tesla’s invention that revolutionized the world. I was struck dumb and neglected to take a photograph, but here is a drawing of Tesla’s rotating magnetic field device I saw, giving us polyphase AC and the AC motor…
Tesla’s U.S. patent number was on his invention, but I could not find any recognition for Tesla.
When I asked Dr. Finn why he had placed Edison’s bust on display next to Tesla’s invention, he he said the sculptor was a phrenologist and wanted to examine the bumps on Edison’s head; this made it authentic.
We now feel that even if the Smithsonian wanted our bust, we would decline; they have lost credibility.
The entire electrical display at the Smithsonian (including their web site) focuses on Edison’s brief business enterprise that failed. This is not a story of invention, but of big business.
Edison used Direct Current (DC), a technology invented and developed by others (before his time), as a means of powering his incandescent lamp. Big business and the gullible media have exaggerated this story so much that now everyone believes Edison is the father of our system of electrical power.
Please continue reading to learn how you can help correct history. Trust me…this is the ONLY way. We must reintroduce Tesla to the academic community through students…and we are starting with our country’s top engineering schools.
YES, our history books are wrong. Nikola Tesla is the King of Electricity–NOT Edison.
NIKOLA TESLA OMITTED
The Smithsonian Book of Invention is an extra-large hardcover book almost 7/8 of an inch thick. Many inventors and their inventions are shown and their impact on civilization discussed…including Edison, Archie Bunker, and Colonel Sanders. Tesla and his epic- causing discoveries are omitted.
Is it any wonder many Americans have lost faith in the Smithsonian? Their leaders are not only writing biased electrical history, they are systematically dismantling our country’s historical heritage and replacing it with trash to promote their own social and liberal agenda.
CREDIT ESSENTIALLY GIVEN TO EDISON FOR TESLA’S INVENTION
Dr. Bernard S. Finn is Curator and first author of this Smithsonian publication. In his section entitled “The Beginning of the Electrical Age,” he names 43 contributors to the science of electricity. Mr. Edison’s name is cited many times along with his photographs, but Nikola Tesla’s name is omitted.
Equally outrageous is the Niagara Falls power station picture of Tesla’s AC generators on the last page…and Dr. Finn’s concluding remark: “When the Niagara Falls power station began operating in 1895, it signaled the final major act in the revolutionary drama that began in Menlo Park in the fall of 1879.”
By this time the totally brainwashed reader is led to believe that our electrical world started with Mr. Edison at Menlo Park and then he finished electrifying America in 1895 by creating the Niagara Falls power station. Yet it was Tesla’s U.S. patents that were used in that power plant’s creation and Edison had no role in the project. Edison actually fought the adoption of AC bitterly by waging his infamous “War of the Currents”…culminating in his creation of………
THE FIRST ELECTRIC CHAIR
Yes, it was Thomas Edison who invented the electric chair to frighten people away from the use of Tesla’s AC system of electricity.
EDISON ELECTROCUTED ANIMALS FIRST
This drawing (circa 1889) is that of a horse being electrocuted in Edison’s Menlo Park laboratory. Edison was also known for paying children 25 cents for each stray dog they could bring him. Then he would hold press conferences and electrocute the dogs at public gatherings in a desperate attempt to frighten people away from using AC. He claimed DC could not kill…but in truth DC could also kill.
Edison felt it was necessary to experiment killing animals before he could guarantee his electric chair would kill efficiently.
THE IRONY OF IT ALL
Is it not classic irony that today Americans hold Edison in such high esteem, many even paying their electric bills to companies bearing his name, while Tesla, the real hero, is essentially erased from history at the Smithsonian?
Do You Still Believe The Smithsonian Is Squeaky Clean?
SMITHSONIAN SNUBS WRIGHT BROTHERS
When you visit the National Air and Space Museum at the Smithsonian you see this famous Wright Flyer that made man’s first successful flight December 17, 1903.
What Smithsonian officials do not tell you is that they snubbed the Wright brothers for 45 years, refusing to acknowledge their great accomplishment and install this famous plane in the museum.
They did this because their own head of the Smithsonian, Samuel P. Langley, built an airplane shortly before the Wright brothers…but it could not fly!
Forty-five years is a long time for the Smithsonian to deny the truth. Wilbur died Spring 1912, weakened by his nine-year dispute with the Smithsonian. Orville gave up the fight in 1928 and sent his famous plane to the Museum of London as a gesture of contempt for the Smithsonian.
American public pressure increased in the years that followed. Many people wondered why our famous Wright Flyer was in London instead of here in America.
Orville died January 1948. Later that year the Smithsonian finally agreed to bring the plane back from London to be formally installed December 17, 1948. Unfortunately, neither of the Wright brothers lived long enough to know that their own country officially acknowledged their great accomplishment.
The Smithsonian is cheating the public from learning Tesla’s history in much the same way as they did with the Wright Brothers.
ARE YOU INCENSED ENOUGH TO WANT TO HELP US?
There is really only one way to combat the Smithsonian’s wrongful depiction of electrical history…BY EDUCATION.
We cannot hope to match the millions of dollars industry and the Edison Institute spend promoting Edison’s name, but I think we can make a significant impact on many of our country’s future engineering students by donating Tesla busts to our leading engineering schools.
From our previous effort we were able to have five (6) high quality Tesla busts (as shown on Page 3) cast, and we donated one each to Caltech, Harvard, Michigan, MIT, Princeton, and Yale.
These busts, placed where countless thousands of our best engineering students will see them, should go a long way toward formally recognizing Tesla’s monumental scientific achievements. The inscription on our plaque tells what he accomplished.
1856 – 1943
HIS NAME MARKS AN EPOCH
In a single burst of invention he created the polyphase alternating current system of motors and generators that powers our world. He gave us every essential of radio, and laid the foundation for much of today’s technology.
ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AMERICAN HISTORY HALL OF ELECTRICITY HOME PAGE
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM?
As in many institutions, the Smithsonian is not without its problems, and money is often at the root. Approximately 83% of its operating funds come from the federal government, and the remaining 17% come from donations and what can be earned from grants from American industries.
Naturally when an industry gives money to the Smithsonian the curators feel obliged to favor the history of that industry as much as possible in their displays or publications.
Two examples of this assault on history are: (1) The Edison Institute (2) The Orkin Company (you know, the bug killers).
In the case of the Edison Institute, they routinely give money to have Smithsonian curators write a story and create a display featuring Edison and his invention of the incandescent lamp.
In depicting the history of Edison’s incandescent lamp, the curator loses perspective of historical events and omits critical parts in order to show favor to The Edison Institute.
LIGHT IS NOT AS IMPORTANT AS MECHANICAL ENERGY!
The curator hails the invention of the light bulb as being the cause of the second industrial revolution. It was NOT!
Nikola Tesla’s invention of the AC motor was clearly what American industry needed to escalate that revolution. It provided the necessary muscle to do the work. This is not to say that light was not a welcome advancement for industry, but its importance pales in comparison to the AC motor.
THE TALL TALE STARTS
The curator traces the history of Edison’s business enterprise (of building direct current [DC] power stations) to power his incandescent lamp.
In doing so he creates the false illusion for a naive citizenry that Edison was the inventor of electricity…when, in fact, he was merely a businessman using a technology others had already developed.
Direct current technology was dead from the beginning because it is impossible to send DC power more than a half mile from its generating station.
Readers should take a moment to examine the National Museum of American History’s “Hall of Electricity” Home Page.
ANALYSIS OF THEIR OWN WORDS:
The following are direct quotations from the “Hall of Electricity” web page:
“The displays help illuminate how Thomas Edison’s light bulb and other inventions began to transform our world.”
Notice how the curator gives emphasis to Edison’s light bulb, but omits naming the “other inventions.” He even uses the word “illuminate” to describe what the displays will do for the observer, further leading the reader to believe that Edison and his light bulb “transformed the world.”
OMISSIONS TELL A STORY TOO:
“The rest of the hall is devoted to a separate exhibition, “Lighting a Revolution.” At the end of the19th century, a new way of transmitting power came to the fore — electricity. In 1876, at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition, a few arc lights were shown. They were very bright, suitable only for large open spaces. Three years later, Thomas Edison announced his invention of the incandescent light bulb, and on New Year’s eve in 1879 drew a crowd of 3,000 visitors to his Menlo Park, New Jersey, complex to see the buildings and grounds aglow in the softer light of his creation. Lighting a Revolution explains in detail the complex circumstances behind Edison’s revolution.”
Notice how the curator emphasizes light. Also, he talks of “a new way of transmitting power at the end of the 19th century.”
Is he is referring to 1876, or perhaps to Edison burying thick copper cables underground capable of carrying direct current in 1882– which is not exactly the end of the 19th century…or is he referring to the truly new way of transmitting power that came in 1895 with Tesla’s polyphase AC system first installed at Niagara Falls?
No doubt, the naive reader automatically thinks the curator is referring to AC (most readers are not familiar with DC).
THE GUIDING LIGHT:
“Edison and his colleagues produced not merely a light bulb but an electrical system, and the next section tells the story of his early power plants, including the first central at Pearl Street in New York City, which began producing power on September 4, 1882.”
Again, the curator carefully steers the reader to believe that Edison is responsible for every advancement made in electricity.
He also carefully steers the reader to believe that Edison’s lamp created the revolution.
“Edison’s success drew competitors, some of whom improved on his methods, especially through the introduction of alternating current, which ultimately supplanted his direct-current system. The next section of the exhibition shows the lamps, meters, generators, and other devices of some of these competitors and explains the reasons why alternating current proved superior to direct current.”
The curator calls Edison’s enterprise a success…when, in fact, it was NOT. Tesla tried to give (yes, give) his AC system to Edison because he realized direct current technology was flawed, but Edison stubbornly refused to acknowledge the superiority of Tesla’s AC system.
Notice how the curator carefully avoids using Tesla’s name and refers to him only as a ‘competitor’.
It was Tesla who held over 40 U.S. patents on a complete AC system that proved to be the breakthrough discovery the world thought was impossible.
THIS IS TOO MUCH!
“An Edison electric motor of about 1890. In 1895 a large remote generating station began producing electricity at Niagara Falls. Less than two decades after Edison’s invention, electricity thus was accepted as a principal means of power transmission. A revolution had taken place. Cheap electric power made new industrial processes possible, such as the economical production of aluminum. Eventually this power reached the city and the home, where its influence is made clear in a case filled with early 20th-century appliances such as fans, coffee pots, and vacuum cleaners.”
First, the curator shows a picture of an “Edison” electric motor of about 1890, setting the stage for continued glorification of Edison.
Tesla created a worldwide revolution in electrical science two years earlier (1888) when he introduced his new AC motor, yet the curator persists in talking about an 1890 old technology motor of which Edison had made no scientific contribution.
In the next sentence–after displaying an “Edison” motor (which he did not invent)–the curator tells of the Niagara Falls power generating station.
The curator fails to explain that the Niagara plant was designed to generate AC power using Tesla’s system–Tesla’s patents had to be licensed to build it–and he carefully avoids identifying Tesla as the creator of this project.
Instead, the curator states, “less than two decades after Edison’s invention, electricity thus was accepted as a principal means of power transmission.”
The curator, by using deceptive semantics and omissions, leads the reader to believe that two decades after Edison’s invention of the “light bulb,” Edison introduced electrical power to the world.
Then he reinforces his statement by stating that “a revolution had taken place.” (implying that Edison had caused that revolution.)
The curator is correct in stating that a revolution had taken place, but he failed to credit the person who caused that revolution…Nikola Tesla.
In the curator’s next statement he tells how “cheap electric power made new industrial processes possible, such as the economical production of aluminum.”
The above statement is a particularly flagrant deception.
The production of aluminum requires an enormous amount of electricity that only AC can provide. The curator, by omitting Tesla’s name as the creator of polyphase AC, guides the reader to believe that Edison was responsible for the electricity needed to germinate the aluminum industry. (Of course, the aluminum industry is what spawned the aircraft industry…all made possible by Tesla’s AC power.)
The curator continues to describe how electricity (presumably from Edison) brought numerous consumer items to market…citing the vacuum cleaner and fans. He carefully neglects to mention that vacuum cleaners and fans use Tesla’s AC motors.
This curator, in his zeal to highlight Edison, creates the false illusion that Edison was the inventor of our entire electrical world.
WHAT EDISON REALLY DID:
Edison’s greatest creation was his invention factory at Menlo Park, NJ.
From that factory came many wonderful and practical inventions, but electrical power was NOT one of them.
The curator is dead wrong in claiming there was creativity in Edison’s power enterprise.
There was creativity from the Menlo Park group for the invention of the incandescent lamp, the phonograph, the moving picture machine, and other popular devices, but not electric power!
Edison merely expanded upon a known technology and was too stubborn (or stupid) to recognize its limitations.
A BUG KILLER MADE IT TO THE SMITHSONIAN
In the case of the Orkin Company, it donated a half million dollars in 1992 to the National Museum of Natural History. In exchange, the Smithsonian agreed to create a permanent display honoring Otto Orkin, founder of the Orkin Company — another example of our prestigious Smithsonian catering to corporate commercialism.
WHAT IS INVENTION?
The dictionary describes it in the classical sense…that of finding out –discovery. The Smithsonian’s liberal definition of ‘invention’ certainly violates this definition; instead, supplanting it with entrepreneurship.
For example, if we asked the question, “who invented medicine?”
Would it be the first man who proposed theories of nature’s properties, without ever knowing their possible applications?
Would it be a second man who then proved the existence of these properties–again without realizing their possible application?
Was it a third man who then built on this knowledge and made the first application of nature’s properties by actually making a medicine and proving that it worked?
Or was it a fourth man who made a business from the first three men’s discoveries?
While it would be grossly unfair to give the third man full credit because he used the knowledge gained by the first two, it should be unthinkable to afford any credit to the fourth man.
Such is the situation with Edison and Marconi.
They were clever businessmen who received much publicity, and this usually creates false perceptions. The Smithsonian’s wrongful depiction of electrical history simply enhances this perception.
THE BOTTOM LINE:
When the Smithsonian refuses to acknowledge a world-class American scientist, we feel it is time to speak out and demand that changes be made in the administration of our country’s greatest museum.
Please do not believe that any ‘one-man’ invented our system of electricity, nor did any ‘one-man’ invent radio.
The story of the rise of electricity is long and beautiful, and should not be altered by biased historical interpretations of entrepreneurial experiments made by the many inventors who followed the ‘Great Discoverers.’
Thomas Edison is a classic example of a businessman who was successful in utilizing the talents of others to create many useful devices that became popular with people, but practical electricity came only from Nikola Tesla.
Marchese Guglielmo Marconi was the first to send a message across the ocean and, as a result of his business interests later, he is partly responsible for ‘developing’ radio…but he did NOT invent it.
Men such as William Gilbert, Charles Coulomb, Alessandro Volta, Hans Christian Oersted, Andre-Marie Ampere, Georg Simon Ohm, Michael Faraday, James Clerk Maxwell, Heinrich Hertz, and Nikola Tesla are the true inventors of electrical power and radio. Yet these science heroes are mentioned only in certain college courses. Therefore their accomplishments are virtually unknown to the majority of people.
It is impossible to say which one of these great discoverers made the most significant contribution to science, but one fact is indelibly clear…Nikola Tesla made the final breakthrough in the electrical power area with his rotating magnetic field principle.
He also made the final breakthrough in radio by devising his four-tuned circuit idea which was the first viable radio system, and demonstrated how it would serve mankind in the future. His system is basic to all
As you can see from the above as far as I am concerned one must be very careful in what one believes. I also choose to believe the U.S. Patent office and the Supreme Court. I also choose to believe the author of the article in the Phoenix Gazette so very long ago. You are of course free to make up your own mind.