By Susanne Posel
At a recent meeting of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) outlined how necessary social media is to the investigative and case-building process.
The IACP asserts that “social media is a valuable investigative tool when seeking evidence or information about individuals or cases including missing persons, wanted persons, gang participation and recruitment, and crimes perpetrated online such as cyberbullying or identity theft.”
Workshops are offered by the IACP to train officers in utilizing “social media for intelligence and investigative activities.”
Using the Boston Marathon Bombing as an example of the necessity for social media in conjunction with “crisis management plans” it is encouraged that this becomes an integral part of policy within police departments across the nation.
The IACP is also interested in how news is disseminated on Facebook since it was determined that 47% of adults get their news on social media sites.
Indeed, Facebook and the Chicago Police Department have been collaborating to control access to content on the internet if the user “is determined [to] have posted what is deemed criminal content.”
At the IACP meeting, the concept of social media monitoring tools (SMMT) were defined as “a tool used to capture data and monitor social media sites by utilizing automated tools such as Web crawlers and word search functions to make predictive analysis, develop trends or collect information.”
Types of digital tools at their disposal include:
Some of the ways in which these corporations are able to gather data on unwitting users are:
• monitor your online reputation, measure social media trends and analyze social media mentions
• allow monitors to track and respond in real-time to social mentions and user conversations
• publish most recent posts from Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin and Tumblr
• monitor real-time trending on Twitter
• track what people are saying about any topic, person or corporation in real-time from Twitter, Facebook, FriendFeed, YouTube, Digg, Google
Facebook has been used by police to identify persons involved in public shootings, such as Miriam Carey and the person who was killed in DC.
A photo of Miriam Carey was taken from a Facebook account because Carey “matches the description of the woman killed near the Capitol.”
However, whether or not the person shot by Capitol Police was Carey has not been confirmed because media is going on a belief provided by anonymous authorities and a picture of a person “that matches the description” authorities relayed without proper authentication.
Emotive is a computer program developed by a team of researchers from Loughborough University (LBU)that can scan an estimated 2,000 tweets per second and access the mood of a nation using Twitter.
Emotive will help governments gage the propensity of a society toward civil unrest while pointing toward the identification of possible threats to public safety.
The LBU Center for Information Management stated that this new system will “extract a direct expression of anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise, shame and confusion from each tweet.”
Researchers explained that by “using the Emotive software to geographically evaluate any mass mood could help police to track potential criminal behavior or threats to public safety. It may be able to guide national policy on the best way to react to major incidents.”
Tom Jackson, lead author and head of the team at LBU said: “Public postings through social media gave a very accurate real-time record of how and what people were feeling.”
Facebook has been used to organize protests such as:
• March Against Monsanto
• Adam Kokesh Armed March in DC
• Marches after the George Zimmerman acquittal
• Restore the 4th
• Tea Party protest of the IRS targeting
Earlier this year, at the UN Headquarters in New York, the Ambassador of Norway, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, a fellow on genocide prevention at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, and experts on journalistic ethics and related issues, participated in a discussion on how to control freedom of speech.
Adama Dieng, UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide explained: “It is important to balance the principle of freedom of expression with the need to prevent or stop the most extreme cases of hate speech.”
Dieng said that there is a need for legislation to define hate speech, determine its root cause and counter it with “positive speech” approved by the UN and governments to facilitate civil society while “improving national and international early warning of build-up of hate, through the monitoring of new media.”
Source: Occupy Corporatism