2000?: Arab Medical Schools during the 12th and 13th centuries

Edited by Prof. Maher Abd Al Kader M. Ali, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science, Faculty of Arts, Alexandria University, Egypt These pages are edited by Prof. Hamed Abdel-reheem Ead Professor of Chemistry at Faculty of Science-University of Cairo Giza-Egypt and director of Science Heritage Center E-mail: profhamedead@yahoo.com Web site: http://www.frcu.eun.eg/www/universities/html/shc/index.htm -I- The status of Medicine in the Islamic World The Scientific movement in the early Islamic centuries has various aspects. One of them is the contribution of the early Arab Scientists, which took different forms, their role in scientific progress, the theories they have provided us with, and their methods and influence on the western world which started, as a result, viewing science in a new light during the middle ages. In fact it is not easy to divide the whole unity of science, and claim that this science belongs completely to the Greeks or the Arabs […] Read More

2012: The Baghdad Battery

The Baghdad Battery, sometimes referred to as the Parthian Battery, is the common name for a number of artifacts created in Mesopotamia, in during the Iranian dynasties of the Parthian or Sassanid period (the early centuries AD), and probably discovered in 1936 in the village of Khuyut Rabbou’a, near Baghdad, Iraq. These artifacts came to wider attention in 1938 when Wilhelm König, the German director of the National Museum of Iraq, found the objects in the museum’s collections. In 1940, König published a paper speculating that they may have been galvanic cells, perhaps used for electroplating gold onto silver objects. This interpretation continues to be considered as at least a hypothetical possibility. If correct, the artifacts would predate Alessandro Volta‘s 1800 invention of the electrochemical cell by more than a millennium. Description and dating artifacts consist of terracotta jars approximately 130 mm (5 in) tall (with a one and a […] Read More