January 3, 1992
Copyright 1992 by Mark D. Turner
Many people have the opinion that the assassination of President John F. Kennedy is ancient history and it really doesn’t matter who killed him. It’s been over 28 years now, so why care? Anyone else involved might not even be alive anymore. If they are, how could you prove them guilty after so long?
Probably the most important reason is that Kennedy was the manThere’s probably many reasons to care about such an old case. History buffs would be interested even if it had been 528 years ago. People who were alive at the time might care because they thought so highly of the young President. After all, he was a man with the visions of creating the Peace Corp, sending a man to the moon, starting to with- draw troops from Vietnam as early as 1963, saving America from the clutches of the Federal Reserve and putting an end to the CIA.
chosen by the American people to lead their country. A few selfish
men decided that he was the wrong choice and basically overthrew our
elected government by murdering the main man. We often hear of such
things happening in other countries, usually small places that we know
little about, but don’t realize that the exact same thing happened
in our own country with the assassination of John Kennedy. What makes
it even more frightening is that it was immediately covered up at the
highest levels of government and evidence has been suppressed and
locked away ever since.
WHO TO BLAME
Many cases have been presented to implicate people such as Presidents
Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford! FBI Director J. Edgar
Hoover apparently helped in the cover-up and probably even knew about
it in advance. Facts have finally surfaced recently that even George
Bush was a CIA agent investigating the killing in November, 1963.
When Bush was chosen to head the CIA in the mid-1970’s he swore to
Congress and the American people during his nomination hearings that
he had NEVER worked for the CIA before. Even though the Congressional
investigation of the late 1970’s ruled that there was a 95 percent
chance of a conspiracy in the murder, Bush stated on January 1, 1992
that he still thought Oswald did it alone. It is also widely believed
that he was involved in the Bay of Pigs planning, a covert action that
Kennedy withdrew support from.
Today it is known that when LBJ appointed the members to the Warren
Commission that Earl Warren was told lies in order to secure his
cooperation. He was basically mislead to believe that Cuba and the
USSR may have been responsible and that revealing the truth to the
American people would lead to a new World War; one with nuclear
weapons. He agreed to serve on the Commission and help in the cover-
up because he thought he was saving the world.
Another main member of the Commission was Allen Dulles. He had been
head of the CIA until JFK caught him in lies. He fired Dulles and
vowed to destroy the CIA because of the many covert activities that
they were involved in. Dulles, a man who hated Kennedy because of
the Bay of Pigs fiasco and his dismissal, was appointed to the very
committee that was supposed to find Kennedy’s killers. He was in
charge of previewing all of the evidence that the CIA and FBI turned
over for consideration. He was the one who decided what the other
members saw. Since it is now widely believed that the CIA was
responsible for the murder, it is easy to see that Dulles was an
extremely poor choice for an investigator.
Jack Ruby, who killed Lee Harvey Oswald (JFK’s murderer), is now
known to have worked for Richard Nixon in 1947. Nixon wrote a letter,
which is available at last, that asked Congress to excuse him from
testifying before them. Ruby was an FBI informant in the late 1950’s.
He was tied up with the mafia for well over 20 years. He was even
arrested in Chicago in the 1930’s for the murder of the president
of the Teamster’s union. The murder paved the way for Jimmy Hoffa
to take over that organization. One of Nixon’s first actions as
President was to pardon Hoffa from prison.
Nixon had other connections to the case. Although nearly every
American can tell you where he was when he heard Kennedy was dead,
Nixon says he can’t remember. This is the man who had only recently
lost an election to JFK. This is a man who was in on the planning of
the Bay of Pigs invasion which JFK pulled out support for. This is
the man who’s Watergate burglars included E. Howard Hunt, a suspected
conspirator in the JFK assassination. This is the man who chose
Gerald Ford (who served on the Warren Commission and helped with the
cover-up) to replace him as President. This is the man who was in
DALLAS the day of the murder! He had been there for a Pepsi Cola
meeting along with another man who had dinner with Jack Ruby the
night before JFK’s death. Nixon was in Dallas, the scene of the
murder, and says he can’t remember where he was.
It also interesting to note that Robert Kennedy had told people
that if he won the California primary then he would announce the
next day that he’d re-open the JFK case as soon as he was elected
President. He won the primary but was immediately assassinated,
too. Robert would have been Nixon’s main obstacle in the upcoming
election but was now out of the way. In the following election,
Nixon’s main competitor was George Wallace, who was also shot down!
Kennedy had already told people that he was dropping LBJ as his
running mate in the next election. He had also already signed
papers and issued orders to withdraw all Americans from Vietnam
by 1965. One of Johnson’s first actions after becoming President
was to reverse this decision. One of Johnson’s companies made
millions of dollars from the war because they had a contract to
fly soldiers to and from Vietnam. He was also the man who ordered
Kennedy’s body removed from Dallas before an autopsy could be
performed, which was a violation of state law. He was the man who
told his mistress the day before the assassination “After tomorrow,
Kennedy won’t be a problem to me anymore.” He was the man who
chose the members of the Warren Commission who, in turn, produced
the false and misleading report that blamed the entire murder and
planning on Lee Harvey Oswald.
J. Edgar Hoover had been head of the FBI for years but was approaching
mandatory retirement age. Kennedy had made it clear that he was not
going to make an exception to the rule and allow Hoover to continue
in the position. Johnson did. Hoover also claimed that there was no
such thing as organized crime in the United States although he was
close friends with some of the main mafia leaders. John and Robert
Kennedy worked overtime to put them out of business.
Gerald Ford was just another Senator when he was placed on the Warren
Commission. There he, too, helped in the cover-up. Later, he broke
federal law by publishing a book which contained classified documents.
The book, of course, said Oswald was the lone assassin. When Nixon
was facing his final days as President and knew he would have to
resign soon, he chose Ford as his new Vice-President. Various Nixon
flunkies have been implicated in the conspiracy (E. Howard Hunt, Frank
Sturgis, Jack Ruby). Was the Presidency Ford’s reward for helping in
It is evident that the men in power had good reasons to keep the
American people from learning the truth. At the very least, they each
gained from the murder and therefore had no reason to be in charge of
the investigation. This series of articles hopes to enlighten people
to the evidence and theories in the case. Only by awakening enough
citizens and bringing out the truth can we hope to insure that no more
of our chosen leaders will be so easily taken away from us. When we
loose the power to chose our own leaders then we have lost everything.
THE KENNEDY FILES
Copyright 1992 by Mark D. Turner
THE AUDIO RECORDING
Many people are familiar with the Zapruder film and some even know of
the other photographic evidence in the Kennedy assassination. These
will be covered in future issues. A lesser known item is an audio
recording of the shots.
Behind and to the left of Kennedy’s car was a policeman riding a
motorcycle. Apparently, his microphone’s “push-to-talk” button was
stuck in the on position and a recording machine at Dallas police
headquarters taped the entire assassination. The Warren Commission
turned the recording over to the FBI who claimed to find nothing
which resembled gunshots. Then it was given to Dr. Lawrence Kersta
of Bell Telephone Acoustics & Speech Research Laboratory who said
there were “six nonvoiced noises.” The Warren Report did not reveal
his test results. Interestingly, the original tape has disappeared
from the National Archives.
THE 1978 ANALYSIS
In May, 1978, The House Select Committee on Assassinations turned
the recording over to Dr. James Barger of Bolt, Beranek and Newman
who had previously examined the infamous Watergate tapes. The firm
had only a short time to analyze the sounds as the Committee was
entering its final months. The tape was filtered and digitized so
that repetitive noises such as engines could be removed and wave-
forms could be produced. They found at least six impulses (and
possibly as many as nine) which could have been gunshots.
The Committee, based on the Zapruder film, set a certain time frame
that the shots had to fit within. All six impulses occurred at the
at the correct time. The sounds also matched patterns of gunfire
recorded through a radio system similar to the Dallas police depart-
ments. The former Chief Counsel of the Assassinations Committee,
Robert Blakey, has said on several occasions “There were six or seven
shots on the tape.” Of course, Oswald could not have fired near this
many shots in the 5.6 second period that most experts agree on (based
on the Zapruder film). Also, only three empty cartridges were found
at Oswald’s supposed firing spot.
Next, BBN recommended firing test shots in Dealey Plaza to see if they
matched any of the six impulses. By setting up microphones at various
positions and firing from different places, unique acoustic finger-
prints could be taken. Each combination of positions would result in
a unique spacing of the shot’s noise and echoes.
One thing that made the measurements more difficult was the use of
stationary microphones rather than moving ones such as the one which
originally recorded the shots. When the scientists studied the 26
echoes for each shot and computed the location of the original micro-
phone, it resulted in an accuracy within one foot. One set of data
matched better than 95% as the position of the open mike and it was
the location of motorcycle policeman H.B. McLain.
McLain was then interviewed and estimated that he was “about 150 feet”
behind Kennedy. The acoustic evidence showed the open mike was 154
behind the car when the third shot was fired. Photographs also show
McLain to be in this position at the time. The sound experts also
stated that the mike was on the left side of the motorcycle and
pointed toward the ground. McLain confirmed this along with the fact
that he frequently had open mike problems. The tape also contained
the sounds of the motorcycle quickly accelerating about 30 seconds
after the last shot, then slowing, idling, and disappearing. This
matches what is known to have happened following the shooting, with
the recording ending as McLain flipped on his siren and thereby
closed the microphone.
THE SNIPERS’ NESTS
A major mistake with the reenactment was that shots were only fired
from two locations: the Texas School Book Depository and the grassy
knoll. Other locations were ignored although there has been much
evidence that three or more gunmen may have participated. The first
and sixth impulses did not match gunfire from either of the two
tested locations and so were dismissed by the Committee. They did
carefully word the report to state that they did not match the two
tested firing spots rather than stating that they were not gunshots.
They could have been gunshots fired from other positions. The first
impulse is 1/2 second before the second. The sixth is 7/10 of a
second after the fifth. If the two are indeed shots, then there were
at least 3 and possibly 4 gunmen! Interestingly, there is very
possibly a seventh shot on the tape. At one point another mike was
keyed and caused a heterodyning on the tape. This is at the point
that the Zapruder film shows Kennedy react to a possible hit to his
Of the four impulses that the Committee accepted as gunshots, the
third matched gunfire from the grassy knoll. Because of the echo
patterns, it had to come from the grassy knoll and not from elsewhere,
such as an engine backfiring. The grassy knoll shot was also pre-
ceeded by an N-wave (supersonic shock wave) which proved it was a
gunshot (bullets are supersonic). Experts stated that there was
better than a 95 percent chance that there was a shot from the
Although Chairman Stokes privately admitted that they knew the head
shot came from the front, no one on the Committee was willing to admit
publically that the fatal shot had been fired by someone other than
Oswald. They decided to claim that the third shot (the grassy knoll
shot) was a miss and that Oswald had fired the fatal head shot. When
the recording was synchronized with the Zapruder film, though, this
claim did not match perfectly with the other shots. When the grassy
knoll shot was synchronized with the head shot everything fell into
place. Still, the Committee would not admit that the third shot was
the head shot.
Even when the third shot is considered to be a miss and that the other
three were hits, then another problem arises: the first and second
shots are only 1.66 seconds apart. Therefore, Oswald couldn’t have
fired the first two because of the speed required. Of course, much
evidence shows that Oswald wasn’t even on the sixth floor of the
Depository and various guns seem to have been spotted by people that
day. Was another man firing a quicker rifle from the sixth floor?
A very strange and suspicious sound also appears just before the end
of the tape: an electronic beeping in Morse code for “victory.”
Where did this originate? We’ll probably never know for sure but Jim
Hicks appears in Dealey Plaza photos with a radio and admitted his
role in the assassination to Jim Garrison. Possibly he was the com-
munications man for the snipers as some researchers believe. He
certainly resembles the man who the CIA supposedly photographed at
the Soviet embassy in Mexico City two months BEFORE the murder using
Oswald’s name. Not long after talking to Garrison, Hicks was locked
away in a military hospital for the insane.
Evaluations of the tape show that more than one microphone was open
during the shooting. Actually, four may have been keyed which leads
one to wonder if there was an attempt to disrupt police communications
at the crucial time.
PROBLEMS WITH THE RECORDING
Dr. Barger’s examination of the tape found two 60 hertz hums on the
recording. The original copy should have had one hum. Two hums show
that it is a copy of the original. Where did the original recording
disappear to? Researchers believe the tape was tampered with which
unfortunately gives critics reason to question the authenticity of
the recording. There is a second police department recording of a
second channel. A policeman’s voice can be heard on both tapes saying
the same thing. On the second tape it is apparent that he didn’t say
it until about one minute after the shooting. On the first (and im-
portant tape) it appears just after the shooting. Critics claim this
proves the tape is not a recording of shots at all but of some other
noise. The problem with this is that the shots scientifically match
the shots fired for the Committee’s test. They can be nothing but
shots and can not have been fired from anywhere except the Depository
and grassy knoll. They also can not have been recorded anywhere but
the motorcycle following the president’ car.
Why does the statement appear at the wrong place on the tape? The
secret probably lies in the two 60 hertz hums. In the CIA’s cover-up,
the tape was taken and something was removed that was incriminating.
A new copy was made which resulted in the second hum and the timing
descrepancy. The CIA didn’t realize that the tape contained the shots
since they apparently don’t stand out if you’re not looking for them.
They most likely edited out a policeman saying something about one of
the other gunmen.
Critics have also been quick to point out the sound of a carillon bell
on the recording about seven seconds after the final shot. When the
Committee looked for such a bell in 1978 they couldn’t find one. The
FBI even pointed this out in a report. Of course, just because the
bell couldn’t be found in 1978 doesn’t mean it wasn’t there in 1963.
A news broadcast from Dealey Plaza on the first anniversary of the
murder picked up the bell. Also, a tape still exists of a carillon
bell which a bank twelve blocks from Dealey Plaza was using to play
“Hail to the Chief” as Kennedy was driven through Dallas. The bell
could be heard all over Dallas, including at Dealey Plaza.
So, in the end we are left with four impulses that are definitely
shots. In addition there are possibly three more. The four proven
shots breakdown as follows:
Shot 1 – School Book Depository
Shot 2 – School Book Depository
Shot 3 – Grassy Knoll
Shot 4 – School Book Depository
Although it is still not known by the average man on the street, the
Assassinations Committee decided that there was a second gunman and
that he did indeed fire from the grassy knoll. It’s apparent that
this unknown gunman fired the fatal head shot which the government
still wants us to believe Oswald fired. Of course, Oswald may have
been involved, but then again maybe he was just a patsy like he
claimed. Whatever his role was, it’s time for the government to help
track down the others that were involved.
THE KENNEDY FILES
Copyright 1992 by Mark D. Turner
THE GEORGE BUSH CONNECTION
In this day and age when some people can not even name the president
of the United States, it is not the least bit surprising that most
have no knowledge of George Bush’s possible connections to the Kennedy
assassination. The relationship has its roots in Bush’s “former”
employment with the CIA. As CIA agents have been quoted in the past,
you never really leave the Agency.
THE CIA DID IT!
Many researchers place the blame for the murder of John F. Kennedy on
the CIA. The easiest way to clear the mafia or other non-governmental
groups is to look at the massive cover-up that the government has
participated in over the years. If mafia boss Carlos Marcello had
really ordered the hit, could he have had the CIA and FBI suppress so
much evidence from the public for so long? Could he have had the
normal security lowered for the assassination? Could he have had the
Washington D.C. phone system knocked out of order for an hour right
as the shooting took place? Could he have convinced the Warren
Commission to release such an idiotic official version of the murder?
Of course not. The set-up and cover-up had to take place INSIDE of
the government, not outside.
The CIA seemed to have the most (and best) motives for the elimination
of Kennedy. During the Eisenhower presidency, the CIA came up with a
plan to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. The thought was that the
citizens would hear of the attack and join in to overthrow Castro.
Former Cubans were trained by the CIA and the U.S. government fur-
nished them with weapons and transportation. Since it was near the
end of his administration, Eisenhower put the plan on hold so the
new president would not have to deal with any problems which might
arise from the mission.
Upon entering office Kennedy decided that the plan’s requirement of 16
planes would obviously reveal American backing of the plot. The plan
had hoped that American involvement would not become known to the
world. The use of 16 planes would make American backing obvious to
everyone. Kennedy cut the number of planes down to six. As the date
of the invasion neared, Kennedy decided against the plan and announced
in the press that the United States would not invade Cuba with the
The CIA went ahead with the plan and quickly found that things were
not going as they had hoped for. They asked for more planes but were
told they would have to be held back until the forces captured a Cuban
airport. Then, the planes could be sent and the explanation would be
that they were captured planes which the rebels had put into use. The
CIA-backed rebels never got that far and were quickly defeated. The
citizens of Cuba never joined them in the fight. The CIA, as has been
revealed in books by participants, blamed Kennedy for the defeat. The
books and papers reveal a deep hatred for the imagined betrayal.
Later, Kennedy formed a panel to keep him informed as to what was
going on in Vietnam. American involvement was still low at this
point but Kennedy was worried. He has been quoted as saying he could
not justify sending American boys half-way around the world to fight
communism when it existed just south of Florida in Cuba. One of the
panel’s members was Allen Dulles, head of the CIA. Kennedy caught
him in various lies and fired him. The fact that the CIA had kept
training Cubans for another invasion until Kennedy finally sent in
FBI agents to break up their camps and confiscate their weapons was
another reason for the dismissal. Other high-ranking CIA officials
were fired, too, including the brother of Dallas’ mayor. Kennedy
changed the operating procedure of the CIA so they would have to get
approval for any future covert actions from Robert Kennedy.
Due to persistent problems with the CIA and their continual involve-
ment in matters which were not their concern, Kennedy declared that
he was going to shatter the CIA into a thousand pieces and scatter
them to the winds. Even former president Truman, who had created
the CIA, expressed concerns about their behavior. Kennedy was
apparently going to leave their destruction until after the next
election but did start withdrawing troops from Vietnam, much to the
dislike of the CIA. One of Johnson’s first moves after he replaced
Kennedy as president was to increase American involvement in Vietnam.
It seems he owned an airline company that was contracted to fly troops
back and forth across the Pacific Ocean, but that is another matter.
Later, E. Howard Hunt, on behalf of the CIA, faked cables to implicate
John F. Kennedy in the assassination of South Vietnam’s president, Ngo
Dinh Diem. So, it is apparent that the CIA disliked Kennedy and had
the means to set-up and cover-up the assassination. Now, it is known
that they convinced the Warren Commission that the Soviet Union and
Cuba had murdered Kennedy. They scared the members into believing
that revealing this to the American public would result in a nuclear
war in which millions would be killed. To further this theory, they
produced fake evidence showing that Oswald had visited the Soviet and
Cuban embassies in Mexico to arrange the killing and escape. The head
of the CIA operations in Mexico has since admitted that no such real
evidence ever existed. A Warren Commission investigator has admitted
that they acted to save millions by sacrificing one man (Oswald).
The job was not too hard to pull off since former CIA-head Allen
Dulles was a member of the Commission. He was the only one to attend
more than half of the hearings and was also in charge of deciding
what intelligence data was seen by the other members. President
Johnson didn’t seem to find it strange to appoint the man that
Kennedy had fired to investigate his hated former boss’ murder.
SO HOW DOES BUSH FIT IT?
Although he denies it, there is a growing body of evidence that George
Bush was working for the CIA as early as 1961. Many feel he was
actually recruited during his college days (which is when he joined
the Skull and Bones Society, a front for the Illuminati). Bush claims
to have been working for his own oil company during the early 1960’s.
It would make for a convenient front since he claims to have been off-
shore on drilling rigs for weeks at a time. The rigs were located all
over the world. Was he really on the rigs or was he running around on
CIA business? The various biographies of Bush are all sketchy on this
phase of his life.
During this time, Bush had moved to HOUSTON, Texas. His wife was,
of course, BARBARA. His oil company was ZAPATA Off Shore Co. (which
he named after a communist Mexican revolutionary who would invade
towns and murder every man, woman and child. Bush also named an
earlier oil company after Zapata, a questionable choice for a hero).
The code name for the Bay of Pigs invasion was Operation ZAPATA!
A former high-ranking Pentagon official, Col. Fletcher Prouty, was
the man who secured two Navy ships for the operation. He has told
of seeing the two ships repainted to non-Navy colors for the
invasion. The ships were given the new names HOUSTON and BARBARA!
Of course, maybe the names were just coincidences, but Bush was
living in Houston with Barbara and running Zapata in 1961 during
the planning of the invasion. The name “Operation Zapata” was top
secret and known only to a very few.
In 1977 and 1978, the government released nearly 100,000 pages of
documents on the Kennedy assassination. One which slipped out by
mistake was from the FBI to the State Department written a few days
after the assassination. The State Department was worried that anti-
Castro groups in Miami might stage another invasion of Cuba in the
aftermath of the JFK murder. The FBI informed them that they had
questioned both pro-Castro and anti-Castro groups and could find no
information about such plans. The memo went on to state that the
information was passed along to “George Bush of the Central Intelli-
gence Agency” the day after the assassination.
Why was the information passed along to the CIA? Probably because of
their previous invasion attempt and other planned attacks. Why George
Bush? Probably because he was involved in previous invasion plans!
When the document first surfaced no one paid much attention to it.
When the presidential campaigns began for the 1980 election then the
name George Bush caught researchers’ eyes. When asked about the
memo, Bush denied working for the CIA at the time. As evidence built
that it was indeed him, the CIA claimed it was a different George Bush
although their policy had always been to neither confirm nor deny a
person’s employment. The other George Bush was tracked down by
reporters and said that although he did work for the CIA at the time,
he was never involved in that sort of work. The interesting point
is that the CIA did not bother to contact the other George Bush and
inform him that reporters might soon be calling. Other evidence
surfaced that showed the George Bush mentioned in the document was
actually George H. W. Bush and had the same address as the famous
Another Bush connection involved George de Mohrenschildt, a rich
Russian oil man who lived in Texas when Lee Harvey Oswald settled
there after his trip to the Soviet Union. De Mohrenschildt was a
long-time CIA agent and quite possibly served as a CIA control officer
for Oswald. The Warren Commission described him and his wife as being
the two people friendliest to Oswald at the time of the assassination.
De Mohrenschildt’s son-in-law told the Warren Commission that if any-
one had helped with the assassination it was most likely de Mohren-
schildt. De Mohrenschildt was also the man who moved Oswald to
Shortly before the House Select Committee on Assassinations started
meeting in the late 1970’s a new doctor appeared in de Mohrenschildt’s
town. De Mohrenschildt started seeing him and quickly became mentally
unstable. His wife convinced him to stop seeing the doctor. The
doctor then moved away and left a false forwarding address. The very
day the Committee tried to contact de Mohrenschildt about testifying,
he was found dead of a gun shot wound. His personal address book was
found and it contained the entry “Bush, George H. W. (Poppy) 1412 W.
Ohio also Zapata Petroleum Midland.” Bush’s full name is George
Herbert Walker Bush which matches the initials given and his earlier
oil company was named Zapata Petroleum Corp. Why was his name in de
Mohrenschildt’s book? Is “Poppy” his CIA code name?
It is known that in the early 1960’s de Mohrenschildt made frequent
trips to Houston, which was the location of Bush’s home. He told
friends he was visiting the Brown brothers, who were close friends
and financial supporters of Lyndon Johnson. CIA documents reveal
that during the planning phase of Operation Zapata, de Mohrenschildt
made frequent trips to Mexico and Panama and gave reports to the CIA.
His son-in-law told the Warren Commission that he believed de Mohren-
schildt was spying for the planned Cuban invasion.
A QUESTION OF CHARACTER
When Bush was picked to be director of the CIA in 1976, he testified
to Congress that he had never worked for the CIA before. Of course,
it did not make much sense to appoint a director who had no such back-
ground but Congress approved him anyway. Now it would seem that Bush
committed perjury in his congressional testimony.
George Bush was apparently high enough in the CIA to help plan the
Bay of Pigs invasion. It would probably be safe to assume that he
even named the operation and its two ships. Considering the hatred
that the CIA felt toward Kennedy over their failed mission and Bush’s
involvement in that same mission, it would be quite interesting to
know what Bush’s feelings toward John F. Kennedy really were and what
his full role in the assassination investigation was.
Further information on the George Bush connection may be obtained from
Mark Lane’s “Plausible Denial” (Thunder’s Mouth Press) and James “Bo”
Gritz’s “Called To Serve.” Lane’s book is an excellent accounting of
the CIA’s involvement (especially E. Howard Hunt and Frank Sturgis).
Gritz (a 1992 presidential candidate) tells about many of the CIA’s
questionable ventures and also about his trips to Laos to attempt
rescues of American POWs who are still held by Vietnam.