An article from 1888
Author Unknown
This paper is from Scientific American – August 4, 1888 – page 69
Keely Outdone?
Several newspapers have referred to a new invention by one William Timmis, which, if successful, will revolutionize motive power.

The inventor is an unpretentious English mechanic residing in Pittsburg, Pa., who claims to have invented the machine by which untold motive power can be stored or used without the expenditure of fuel.

The story goes that he has been engaged for two years in perfecting the invention, and is now negotiating with the government of England, Russia, and the United States for the sale of the right to use his discovery, which, if after examination it proves to be what he claims, will revolutionize the motive powers of the world. He claims to be able to create a pressure of 20,000 pounds per square inch – more than sufficient to propel the largest ocean steamer afloat or to move eighty laden freight cars in one train.

The machine seems to be simply an AIR COMPRESSOR of the simplest sort.

It consists of ONE SMALL CYLINDER (six horsepower), with a BALANCE WEIGHT of 75 pounds, which runs the entire apparatus; another SMALL CYLINDER, 5 inches in diameter, with 7 inches STROKE, compresses the air into the tank from which the power is utilized.

The advantages he claims are durability, economy, and simplicity. Experts have examined the machine and pronounce it a success. In submitting his design to the governments named, Mr. Timmis claims that the PNEUMATIC GENERATOR can not only be applied to war vessels AS A MOTOR but can be used as a defense against hostile attacks by means of air chambers placed behind the armor plating.
Vanguard note…
What can we deduce from such a meager description of the device? Well, for one, the compressibility of a fluid, in this case, gas (air), is usually done with a one-way valve leading into a storage chamber. This storage chamber holds the highly compressed fluid until it is gradually released to drive a piston or rotary device with the idea of providing a motive force.

When the compressor “squeezes” the air to a sufficiently high density (pressure), it travels through a valve into the storage tank. As the tank pressure increases through continuous accumulations of small portions of gas packets, it becomes more and more difficult for the compressor to continue to add more air to the tank.

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One of the major keys is the pressure release level of the valve allowing the air to flow from the compressor into the tank. Some valves are adjustable with a spring-loaded gasket. When the compressor “squeezes” a given volume of air, it overcomes the valve spring pressure and the air passes into the tank.

Eventually, we have quite a large amount of force stored in the tank. This force can be released suddenly or as slowly as the operator desires.

This Mr. Timmis apparently uses the intense magnetic ATTRACTION (or repulsion) of the bars ON THE PISTON to cause a tremendous increase in the velocity and therefore the compressibility of the gas WHEN IT IS IN its compressive stroke.

The 75-pound weight might act as a thrust multiplier which is further amplified by the magnetic attraction on the compressive stroke.

With the new super high flux magnets that have been developed in Japan, we might have the most interesting means for generating very high pressures with negligible energy input, if any.

Remember that the amplitude of the stored force must be sufficient to provide a decent HP level on a controlled release. However, the ACTUAL ACCUMULATION to the eventual maximum pressure capacity of the storage tank can take place using VERY SMALL INCREMENTS of compression.

The trick is to build up very high pressures using MICRO-BURSTS of sufficient intensity but with a VERY SHORT DURATION. This is one of the possible techniques which might eventually be used to tap the Zero Point Energy.

Another possible means of achieving this is a very high-intensity electromagnetic spike applied to a coil at JUST THE RIGHT MOMENT as the piston goes INTO AND THROUGH its compressive stroke.

One might experiment by adjusting the pulse width and the amplitude to achieve the optimum amount of saturation of the coil in relation to the attraction of the piston. Indeed, it is not beyond credence to making the piston somewhat magnetic to further increase the compressive force.

In addition to this, one could cause the magnetic field TO FLIP AT JUST THE RIGHT MOMENT which would cause a much-increased attraction with a complementary much-increased repulsion as the piston reached the “Top of Stroke”.

The addition of a weighted mass serves as a “flywheel” or balance wheel to ensure that the piston does not stall when it reaches the top of the stroke.

If this paper inspires you to work on such a project, we urge you to share your progress and results with others. As it was willingly given as inspiration to us, so it is given to you.

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